Fundulopanchax Untergattungen

Fundulopanchax (Myers 1924)

Fundulopanchax (Pauciradius) Wildekamp & Zee 2005

 (Description of a new Subgenus of Fundulopanchax, PauciradiusJ. Amer. Killifish Assoc., 38 (4): 131.)

Type-species:  Aphyosemion scheeli Radda, 1970

 

Fundulopanchax (Pauc.) scheeli

Synonyme: Fundulopanchax burundi

                    Fundulopanchax akamkpaensis

 

Fundulopanchax (Pauc.) oeseri

Synonyme: Fundulopanchax santaisbellae

                    Fundulopanchax meinkeni

                    Fundulopanchax pictus

   Fundulopanchax  sp. aff. oeseri "GS 2 Mundemba"

 

Fundulopanchax  (Pauc.) marmoratus

     Fundulopanchax  sp. aff marmoratus "GS 1 Mundemba"

 

 Fundulopanchax (Paraphyosemion) Kottelat 1976

Artengruppe walkeri:

Fundulopanchax (Par.) walkeri

Synonyme:     Fundulopanchax rubrofasciatus

Fundulopanchax (Par.) spurrelli

Fundulopanchax (Par.) litoriseboris

Artengruppe ndiamus:

Fundulopanchax (Par.) puerzli

Fundulopanchax (Par.) ndiamus

Fundulopanchax (Par.) amieti

Fundulopanchax (Par.) kamdemi 

Artengruppe gardneri:

Fundulopanchax (Par.) spoorenbergi

Fundulopanchax (Par.) obuduensis

Fundulopanchax (Par.) mirabilis traudeae

Fundulopanchax (Par.) mirabilis moensis

Fundulopanchax (Par.) mirabilis mirabilis

Fundulopanchax (Par.) mirabilis intermittens

Fundulopanchax (Par.) gresensi

Fundulopanchax (Par.) gardneri nigerianus

Synonyme:       Fundulopanchax meridionalis

                    Fundulopanchax biafranus

Fundulopanchax (Par.) gardneri mamfensis

Fundulopanchax (Par.) gardneri lacustris

Fundulopanchax (Par.) gardneri gardneri

Synonyme:     Fundulopanchax brucii

Fundulopanchax (Par.) gardneri clauseni

Fundulopanchax (Par.) cinnamomeus

 

 

 

Fundulopanchax (Gularopanchax) Radda 1977

 

Fundulopanchax (Gul.) schwoiseri 

Fundulopanchax (Gul.) kribianus 

Synonyme:  Fundulopanchax fallax

Fundulopanchax (Gul.) gularis 

Fundulopanchax (Gul.) deltaensis

 

Fundulopanchax (Paludopanchax) Radda 1977

 

Fundulopanchax (Pal.) avichang 

Fundulopanchax (Pal.) arnoldi

 

Artengruppe filamentosus: 

Fundulopanchax (Pal.) rubrolabialis 

Fundulopanchax (Pal.) robertsoni

Fundulopanchax (Pal.) filamentosus

      Synonyme:  Fundulopanchax ruwenzori

 

Fundulopanchax (Fundulopanchax) Myers 1924

 

Fundulopanchax (Fp.) sjoestedti

Synonyme:  Fundulopanchax zimeri

                     Fundulopanchax caeruleus

 

Verschiedene sjoestedti Populationen im Hobby 

Nigeria: 

"Blau" "Niger Delta" 

Kamerun: 

"Funge" "Loe"  "Ndian River"

  

Fundulopanchax (Fp.) powelli

 

 

 

Parameter der Fundulopanchax Arten  (George Funkner 23.12.2012)

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Species Name

Author(s)

Subgenus

Species Group

Total Size (mm)

Keeping and Breeding Temperatrure

pH

dGH

Preferable Spawning
Substrate

Egg Diameter (mm)

 

Water

Fundulopanchax amieti

A. C. Radda, 1976

Paraphyosemion

Ndianus Species Group

65 - 70

24°C - 25°C

6.4 - 6.5

0 - 1

Peat Moss / Spawning Mop

1.3 - 1.4

3 - 4

Fundulopanchax arnoldi

G. A. Boulenger, 1908

Paludopanchax

None

50 - 55

23°C - 26°C

6.0 - 6.5

0 - 5

Peat Moss

1.0 - 1.1

3 - 5

Fundulopanchax avichang

F. J. Malumbres & R. Castelo, 2001

Paludopanchax

None

50 - 60

24°C - 26°C

6.4 - 6.5

0 - 1

Peat Moss

1.0 - 1.1

n/a

Fundulopanchax cinnamomeus

H. S. Clausen, 1963

Paraphyosemion

Gardneri Species Group

55 - 60

22°C - 25°C

6.7 - 6.8

1 - 2

Peat Moss / Spawning Mop

1.3 - 1.4

3 - 4

Fundulopanchax deltaensis

A. C. Radda, 1976

Gularopanchax

None

90 - 95

24°C - 26°C

6.5 - 6.8

0 - 5

Peat Moss

1.5 - 1.6

n/a

Fundulopanchax fallax

E. Ahl, 1935

Gularopanchax

None

90 - 95

23°C - 24°C

4.5 - 6.0

0 - 5

Peat Moss

1.6 - 1.7

5 - 7

Fundulopanchax filamentosus

H. Meinken, 1933

Paludopanchax

None

55 - 60

22°C - 24°C

6.5 - 6.8

5 - 8

Peat Moss

1.2 - 1.3

2 - 3

Fundulopanchax gardneri clauseni

J. J. Scheel, 1975

Paraphyosemion

Gardneri Species Group

65 - 70

22°C - 25°C

6.5 - 7.0

1 - 8

Peat Moss / Spawning Mop

1.2 - 1.5

2 - 3

Fundulopanchax gardneri gardneri

G. A. Boulenger, 1911

Paraphyosemion

Gardneri Species Group

65 - 70

22°C - 25°C

6.5 - 7.2

1 - 8

Peat Moss / Spawning Mop

1.1 - 1.2

2 - 3

Fundulopanchax gardneri lacustris

R. W. Langton, 1974

Paraphyosemion

Gardneri Species Group

60 - 65

22°C - 23°C

6.5 - 6.8

1 - 8

Peat Moss / Spawning Mop

1.2 - 1.3

3 - 4

Fundulopanchax gardneri mamfensis

A. C. Radda, 1974

Paraphyosemion

Gardneri Species Group

60 - 65

22°C - 25°C

6.5 - 6.8

1 - 8

Peat Moss / Spawning Mop

1.2 - 1.3

2 - 3

Fundulopanchax gardneri nigerianus

H. S. Clausen, 1963

Paraphyosemion

Gardneri Species Group

65 - 70

22°C - 25°C

6.5 - 7.2

1 - 8

Peat Moss / Spawning Mop

1.3 - 1.4

2 - 3

Fundulopanchax gardneri obuduensis

A. J. Wright & J. Jeremy, 1974

Paraphyosemion

Gardneri Species Group

65 - 70

22°C - 25°C

6.5 - 7.2

1 - 8

Peat Moss / Spawning Mop

1.3 - 1.4

2 - 3

Fundulopanchax gresensi

H.O. Berkenkamp, 2003

Paraphyosemion

Mirabilis Species Group

60 - 65

22°C - 24°C

6.5 - 6.8

1 - 8

Peat Moss / Spawning Mop

1.2 - 1.3

3 - 4

Fundulopanchax gularis

G. A. Boulenger, 1902

Gularopanchax

None

70 - 75

23°C - 25°C

6.7 - 7.0

1 - 8

Peat Moss

1.5 - 1.6

4 - 5

Fundulopanchax kamdemi

C. Akum, R. Sonnenberg, J. P. van der

Zee & R.

Paraphyosemion H. Wildmp,

Ndianus 2007 Species Group

65 - 75

20°C - 24°C

5.0 - 7.5

0 - 1

Peat Moss / Spawning Mop

1.3 - 1.4

4 - 5

Fundulopanchax kribianus

A. C. Radda, 1975

Gularopanchax

None

90 - 95

23°C - 24°C

4.5 - 6.0

0 - 5

Peat Moss

1.6 - 1.7

n/a

Fundulopanchax marmoratus

A. C. Radda, 1973

Pauciradius

None

55 - 65

21°C - 24°C

6.0 - 7.0

0 - 5

Peat Moss / Spawning Mop

1.1 - 1.5

2 - 3

Fundulopanchax mirabilis mirabilis

A. C. Radda, 1970

Paraphyosemion

Mirabilis Species Group

60 - 65

22°C - 24°C

6.5 - 6.8

1 - 8

Peat Moss / Spawning Mop

1.3 - 1.4

3 - 4

Fundulopanchax mirabilis intermittens

A. C. Radda, 1974

Paraphyosemion

Mirabilis Species Group

60 - 65

22°C - 24°C

6.5 - 6.8

1 - 8

Peat Moss / Spawning Mop

1.3 - 1.4

3 - 4

Fundulopanchax mirabilis moensis

A. C. Radda, 1970

Paraphyosemion

Mirabilis Species Group

60 - 65

22°C - 24°C

6.5 - 6.8

1 - 8

Peat Moss / Spawning Mop

1.3 - 1.4

3 - 4

Fundulopanchax mirabilis traudeae

A. C. Radda, 1971

Paraphyosemion

Mirabilis Species Group

60 - 65

22°C - 24°C

6.5 - 6.8

1 - 8

Peat Moss / Spawning Mop

1.3 - 1.4

3 - 4

Fundulopanchax ndianus

J. J. Scheel, 1968

Paraphyosemion

Ndianus Species Group

60 - 65

17°C - 20°C

6.5 - 6.8

1 - 8

Peat Moss / Spawning Mop

1.3 - 1.4

3 - 5

l

Fundulopanchax oeseri

H. Schmidt, 1928

,

Pauciradius

None

60 - 70

21°C - 23°C

6.5 - 6.8

1 - 8

Peat Moss / Spawning Mop

1.2 - 1.3

3 - 5

Fundulopanchax powelli

J. R. van der Zee & R. H. Wildekamp,

1994Fundulopanchax

None

40 - 50

24°C - 26°C

6.5 - 6.8

0 - 5

Peat Moss

Unknown

Unknown

Fundulopanchax puerzli

A. C. Radda & J. J. Scheel, 1974

Paraphyosemion

Ndianus Species Group

65 - 70

23°C - 26°C

6.4 - 6.8

0 - 1

Peat Moss / Spawning Mop

1.1 - 1.2

3 - 5

Fundulopanchax robertsoni

A. C. Radda & J. J. Scheel, 1974

Paludopanchax

None

50 - 55

21°C - 22°C

6.2 - 6.3

0 - 1

Peat Moss

0.9 - 1.0

n/a

Fundulopanchax rubrolabialis

A. C. Radda, 1973

Paludopanchax

None

50 - 55

21°C - 22°C

6.5 - 6.8

1 - 8

Peat Moss

0.9 - 1.0

n/a

Fundulopanchax scheeli akamkpaense

A. C. Radda, 1975

Pauciradius

None

60 - 65

21°C - 25°C

6.5 - 7.0

1 - 8

Peat Moss / Spawning Mop

1.2 - 1.5

2 - 3

Fundulopanchax scheeli scheeli

A. C. Radda, 1970

Pauciradius

None

60 - 65

21°C - 25°C

6.5 - 7.0

1 - 8

Peat Moss / Spawning Mop

1.2 - 1.5

2 - 3

Fundulopanchax sjoestedti

E. Lönnberg, 1895

Fundulopanchax

None

120 - 140

23°C - 25°C

6.5 - 6.8

1 - 8

Peat Moss

1.3 - 1.4

3 - 6

Fundulopanchax spoorenbergi

H. O. Berkenkamp, 1976

Paraphyosemion

Ndianus Species Group

65 - 75

21°C - 23°C

6.5 - 6.8

1 - 8

Peat Moss / Spawning Mop

1.3 - 1.4

3 - 4

Fundulopanchax walkeri spurrelli

G. A. Boulenger, 1913

Paraphyosemion

Gardneri Species Group

55 - 65

20°C - 23°C

6.5 - 6.8

1 - 5

Peat Moss

1.1 - 1.3

5 - 6

Fundulopanchax walkeri walkeri

G. A. Boulenger, 1911

Paraphyosemion

Gardneri Species Group

55 - 65

20°C - 23°C

6.5 - 6.8

1 - 5

Peat Moss

1.1 - 1.3

5 - 6

Notes:

1.       If maintained at higher temperatures Fundulopanchax species became susceptible to disease & aged faster.

2.       The incubation time varies depending on the incubating temperature, lower temperature - longer incubation time and vice versa.

3.       Fundulopanchax species are susceptible to Oodinium (Velvet) disease (concentration of salt in the water will eliminate 90% - 95% of the health problems). Add 1 (one) teaspoon of marine salt per 4 litre of water for both – adults and fry.

4.       Sexual maturity and life span depends on food and keeping conditions.

5.       Adding dead leaves (Oak, Beech) act as an anti-bacterial and anti-fungal agent, and also lower the heavy metal content of the water. It is widely accepted that it acts as a spawning trigger and can aid in the recovery of any fish damaged through stress or fighting. Please note that a solid leaf litter is an integral part of most Fundulopanchax biotopes.

6.       It is recommended using a small, air-driven sponge filter to prevent water stagnation.

7.       The aquarium should be moderately illuminated. Always use floating plants to reduce open-surface / light stress.

8.       The fish should be conditioned on a varied diet of live foods.

9.       Keep the two sexes apart in separate conditioning tanks and select the best male and plumpest females, before placing them in the spawning tank. This method allows females to recover between spawning sessions.

Each pair or trio should only be allowed to spawn for a week or so before being returned to the conditioning tank.

The spawning process is hard on the fish (particularly the females) and they can become fatigued and weak if left for too long.

10.     Species with long peat incubation times (more than 8 weeks) require egg re-wetting several times as for annual killifish.

11.     Extreme care must be taken regarding water quality in the fry raising tank. The fry should be fed twice a day with small water changes every 2 - 3 days for the best growth. Larger fish should be moved on to another tank as they can eat smaller fry.

12.     Some species may have resting periods when no eggs are laid. Lowering water temperature may work as a trigger for spawning. For species with very long peat incubation times (more than 12 weeks) lowering the water level may work as a trigger (beginning of the dry season) to lay eggs.

13.     Egg sizes are approximate. In most cases they are reticulated, adhesive and difficult to find in peat.


Fundulopanchax (G. S. Myers, 1924) • Compiled by J. Phunkner © 2012 - aqua@eurobadge.co.uk • Updated 23.12.2012

Eggs Incubation Period (weeks)

Incubating
Temperatrure

 

Sexable at (weeks)

First Food

Sexual Maturity (weeks)

Life Span (months)

Distribution

 

Peat

Fundulopanchax amieti

4 - 8

24°C - 25°C

BBS

7 - 8

14 - 30

30 - 35

Sanaga River Basin, Cameroon

Fundulopanchax arnoldi

5 - 10

24°C - 25°C

Infusoria

4 - 5

16 - 18

18 - 20

Niger Delta and a little further to the Northwest, Nigeria

Fundulopanchax avichang

12 - 24

24°C - 25°C

Infusoria

7 - 8

12 - 16

18 - 20

Coastal area of Bata, Equatorial Guinea

Fundulopanchax cinnamomeus

6 - 8

24°C - 25°C

BBS

7 - 8

28 - 35

30 - 35

Mungo River Basin, Narrow Plateau between Mount Rumpi and the Cameroon Mountain Chain

Fundulopanchax deltaensis

12 - 13

22°C - 23°C

BBS

7 - 8

28 - 35

24 - 25

Western Niger Delta Area, Nigeria

Fundulopanchax fallax

6 - 8

24°C - 27°C

BBS

6 - 7

28 - 35

24 - 25

Coastal Western Cameroon from Malende in the North to Kribi in the South

Fundulopanchax filamentosus

6 - 8

24°C - 25°C

Infusoria

6 - 7

12 - 15

18 - 20

The coastal plain of Togo in the west. Easterly to the south west Nigerian coastal plain

Fundulopanchax gardneri clauseni

3 - 5

21°C - 22°C

BBS

6 - 7

12 - 15

30 - 35

West of the Niger River (at least), Western Central Nigeria

Fundulopanchax gardneri gardneri

3 - 4

22°C - 24°C

BBS

5 - 6

12 - 15

30 - 35

Udi mountains in the upper Cross River drainage system, northwards into the Lower Benue River drainage of eastern Nigeria

Fundulopanchax gardneri lacustris

4 - 5

21°C - 22°C

BBS

5 - 6

12 - 15

30 - 35

Area of Lake Ejagham, Western Cameroon

Fundulopanchax gardneri mamfensis

3 - 4

22°C - 23°C

BBS

5 - 6

12 - 15

30 - 35

Rainforest of the Mamfé Plains in the Upper Cross River drainage system, Cameroon

Fundulopanchax gardneri nigerianus

4 - 6

22°C - 24°C

BBS

5 - 6

12 - 15

30 - 35

Niger Delta, South of Nigeria northwards to the Jos River Plateau and on towards Kano (northern boundary), eastwards to the River Benue into the Cameroon mountains

Fundulopanchax gardneri obuduensis

4 - 6

22°C - 24°C

BBS

5 - 6

12 - 15

30 - 35

Small stream near Obudu in southeastern Nigeria

Fundulopanchax gresensi

4 - 5

22°C - 24°C

BBS

5 - 6

10 - 12

30 - 35

Pocket region east of the Mamfé plateau, upper Cross river basin, northwestern Cameroon

Fundulopanchax gularis

5 - 9

23°C - 25°C

BBS

4 - 5

5 - 6

24 - 25

Niger & Upper Lobo River drainages eastwards to southwest Nigeria & southern Benin

Fundulopanchax kamdemi

4 - 8

22°C - 24°C

BBS

6 - 7

10 - 12

30 - 35

Akpa-Yafe River drainages and the upper Ndian River, in southern Korup National Park

Fundulopanchax kribianus

6 - 8

24°C - 27°C

BBS

6 - 7

28 - 35

24 - 25

Kribi area, Kienké River Basin, Océan Department, South Province, Cameroon

Fundulopanchax marmoratus

4 - 5

22°C - 23°C

BBS

10 - 12

16 - 24

30 - 35

Northeast of Mbonge, Western Cameroon

Fundulopanchax mirabilis mirabilis

3 - 6

22°C - 24°C

BBS

6 - 7

12 - 14

30 - 35

Upper Cross River drainage system, western Cameroon

Fundulopanchax mirabilis intermittens

3 - 6

22°C - 24°C

BBS

6 - 7

12 - 14

30 - 35

Small river 6 kilometers south of Bakebe, on the road from Mamfe to Manyemen, western Cameroon

Fundulopanchax mirabilis moensis

3 - 6

22°C - 24°C

BBS

6 - 7

12 - 14

30 - 35

Large affluent of Mo River, on the way from Bamenda to Mamfe, between Kendem and Noumba, southwestern Cameroon

Fundulopanchax mirabilis traudeae

3 - 6

22°C - 24°C

BBS

6 - 7

12 - 14

30 - 35

Stream on southern border of Manyemen, upper Cross River system, southwestern Cameroon

Fundulopanchax ndianus

5 - 6

20°C - 22°C

BBS

4 - 5

6 - 8

30 - 35

South eastern border of Nigeria & neighbouring Cameroon

l

Fundulopanchax oeseri

6 - 8

21°C - 23°C

BBS

20 - 21

24 - 28

30 - 35

North part of Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea

l,                                                                                                                  l

Fundulopanchax powelli

8 - 12

22°C - 23°C

Unknown

Unknown

Unknown

Unknown

Nana Creek, about 20 kilometers northeast of Escravos River mouth, Delta State, Niger Delta, Nigeria

Fundulopanchax puerzli

6 - 8

24°C - 25°C

BBS

4 - 5

8 - 12

30 - 35

Western Cameroon where they inhabit the Henda, Nkwoh & Wuri River drainage systems

Fundulopanchax robertsoni

12 - 14

21°C - 22°C

Infusoria

4 - 5

8 - 10

18 - 20

CDC rubber plantation 1 km north of Bolifamba (5.6 km north of the Edea - Douala - Victoria road junction in the direction of Kumba), western Cameroon

Fundulopanchax rubrolabialis

12 - 14

21°C - 22°C

BBS

6 - 7

20 - 25

18 - 20

Mémé, Moko & Mungo River drainage systems of western Cameroon

Fundulopanchax scheeli akamkpaense

4 - 6

21°C - 23°C

BBS

12 - 14

16 - 20

30 - 35

Small creek in CDC Rubber Estate near Akamkpa, Southeastern State, southeastern Nigeria

Fundulopanchax scheeli scheeli

4 - 6

21°C - 23°C

BBS

12 - 14

16 - 20

30 - 35

East of the lower Cross River, southeastern Nigeria

Fundulopanchax sjoestedti

6 - 16

24°C - 25°C

BBS

6 - 7

10 - 12

30 - 35

Coastal western Nigeria, Niger delta & the extreme west of Cameroon

Fundulopanchax spoorenbergi

4 - 5

22°C - 24°C

BBS

7 - 8

16 - 20

30 - 35

The Nigeria / Cameroon border

Fundulopanchax walkeri spurrelli

8 - 12

22°C - 24°C

BBS

4 - 5

8 - 10

24 - 25

Vicinity of Bibianaha, near Dunkwa, between watersheds of Tano and Ankobra rivers, Ghana

Fundulopanchax walkeri walkeri

8 - 12

22°C - 24°C

BBS

4 - 5

8 - 10

24 - 25

The Bia, Tano, Ankobra & Oda River systems of southwestern Ghana & the Bandama, Comoe & Bia River systems in central, south & eastern Ivory Coast

Notes:

1.       If maintained at higher temperatures Fundulopanchax species became susceptible to disease & aged faster.

2.       The incubation time varies depending on the incubating temperature, lower temperature - longer incubation time and vice versa.

3.       Fundulopanchax species are susceptible to Oodinium (Velvet) disease (concentration of salt in the water will eliminate 90% - 95% of the health problems). Add 1 (one) teaspoon of marine salt per 4 litre of water for both – adults and fry.

4.       Sexual maturity and life span depends on food and keeping conditions.

5.       Adding dead leaves (Oak, Beech) act as an anti-bacterial and anti-fungal agent, and also lower the heavy metal content of the water. It is widely accepted that it acts as a spawning trigger and can aid in the recovery of any fish damaged through stress or fighting. Please note that a solid leaf litter is an integral part of most Fundulopanchax biotopes.

6.       It is recommended using a small, air-driven sponge filter to prevent water stagnation.

7.       The aquarium should be moderately illuminated. Always use floating plants to reduce open-surface / light stress.

8.       The fish should be conditioned on a varied diet of live foods.

9.       Keep the two sexes apart in separate conditioning tanks and select the best male and plumpest females, before placing them in the spawning tank. This method allows females to recover between spawning sessions.

Each pair or trio should only be allowed to spawn for a week or so before being returned to the conditioning tank.

The spawning process is hard on the fish (particularly the females) and they can become fatigued and weak if left for too long.

10.     Species with long peat incubation times (more than 8 weeks) require egg re-wetting several times as for annual killifish.

11.     Extreme care must be taken regarding water quality in the fry raising tank. The fry should be fed twice a day with small water changes every 2 - 3 days for the best growth. Larger fish should be moved on to another tank as they can eat smaller fry.

12.     Some species may have resting periods when no eggs are laid. Lowering water temperature may work as a trigger for spawning. For species with very long peat incubation times (more than 12 weeks) lowering the water level may work as a trigger (beginning of the dry season) to lay eggs.

13.     Egg sizes are approximate. In most cases they are reticulated, adhesive and difficult to find in peat.