Lampeye Killifish West Afrika   (Leuchtaugen Killifische Westafrika)



Multigene fossil-calibrated analysis of the African lampeyes (Cyprinodontoidei: Procatopodidae) reveals an early Oligocene origin and Neogene diversification driven by palaeogeographic and palaeoclimatic events

(Pedro Bragança & Wilson J E M Costa 2019)


Here, we present the first molecular and fossil-dated analysis focusing in the Procatopodidae, a widely distributed and little known African oviparous killifish family. The analysis included 36 species representing all Procatopodidae genera except the monotypic Aapticheilichthys. Procatopodidae relationships were established through maximum likelihood and bayesian inference approaches based on fragments of one mitochondrial and five nuclear genes, a total of 5691 bp. The Procatopodidae is herein considered a monophyletic group, sister to the Old world Valenciidae and Aphaniidae. The genus Plataplochilus represent the most basal procatopodid lineage and the brackish water species Aplocheilichthys spilauchen is placed within the Procatopodidae. A clade including the morphologically distinct species of Congopanchax, Lacustricola, and Lamprichthys is herein suggested for the first time, and the genera Micropanchax, Poropanchax, Lacustricola, and Hypsopanchax revealed to be paraphyletic. A fossil-calibrated analysis, based on the same dataset, provided the first information about the evolution of the Procatopodidae in Africa. Our estimates indicate an early Oligocene origin for the Procatopodidae, as a consequence of the Eocene trans-Saharan epicontinental sea retreat, and also indicated that major Neogene paleogeographical and paleoenvironmental events influenced procatopodids diversification (e.g., increase activity in the African rift; late Miocene aridification; Pliocene and Pleistocene climatic instability).



Aapticheilichthys  (Huber 2011)

Procatopus  websteri  (Huber,  2007)

Procatopus websteri: a new species of lampeye killifish from Akaka Camp, western Gabon (Teleostei: Poeciliidae: Aplocheilichthyinae), exhibiting similarities of pattern and morphology with another sympatric lampeye species, Aplocheilichthys spilauchen. Trop. Fish Hobbyist 55(1):110-114.

Short description: Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7-9; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 11 - 13. Diagnosis: It is distinguished from all other lampeyes by the superimposed insertion of dorsal and anal fins vs. dorsal fin insertion always posterior to anal fin insertion by at least 4 rays; besides it is separated from the similarly patterned and sympatric Aplocheilichthys spilauchen by the smaller maximum size in both sexes, by the more advanced dorsal fin, by the less high peduncular depth, by the presence of red pigment markings on male sides and unpaired fins vs. silvery or gold markings, by the absence of a barred pattern on male sides vs. presence, by the absence of melanistic pigments on body vs. with many dark small spots, by the absence of extended rays in male posterior anal fin vs. presence, and by being more laterally compressed; it is separated from Procatopus, Plataplochilus and Rhexipanchax species by the more sharply pointed mouth in addition to the D/A value (Ref. 78622). It is separated from its congeners living in the same region from southern Equatorial Guinea to Cabinda by the rounded shape of the posterior margin of dorsal and anal fins in both sexes vs. cut straight along the last ray, by the vertical red bars in male vs. never such a pattern, by the more conspicious reticulated gray 'net along scale edges vs. faint or absent, and by the absence of an upper acumen or extension in caudal fin of dominant male vs. presence.


Aplocheilichthys spilauchen (Duméril, 1859)

Reptiles et Poissons d'Afrique Occcidentale. Arch. Mus. Hist. Natur., 10 (1858-1861): 258, pl. 22 (figs. 6-6a).

Type locality: Gabon river (today Ogooué river), Gabon (near Lambaréné, subseq.).

 Synonym: Aplocheilichthys typus Bleeker, 1863 

Aplocheilichthys tschiloangensis Ahl, 1928

Aplocheilichthys bensonii (Peters, 1864)

Aplocheilichthys spilauchen


Foerschichthys (Scheel & Romand, 1981)

A new Genus of Rivulin Fish from tropical Africa (Pisces, Cyprinodontidae). Trop. Fish Hobbyist, 29 (11): 22.

Type-species: by original designation (also monotypic) as Aplocheilichthys flavipinnis Meinken, 1932. 

Type locality: near Lagos, southwestern Nigeria. 


Foerschichthys flavipinnis (Meinken, 1932)

Über einige neue Zahnkarpfen aus dem tropischen West-Africa.

Blätt. Aquar. -u. Terrarienk., 43 (4): 54, fig. 2.

Type locality: near Lagos, southwestern Nigeria. 

Distribution:  Aplocheilichthys flavipinnis Meinken, 1932


Foerschichthys nigeriensis (Brüning, 1929)

Panchax nigeriensis und Barboides gracilis, die westafrikanische Schlankbarbe.

Wochen. Aquar. Terr'kunde, 26 (27): 356.

Type locality: aquarium material, possibly from Lagos, Nigeria.



Hylopanchax (Poll & Lambert 1965)

Contribution à l'Etude systématique et zoogéographique des Procatapodinae de l'Afrique centrale.

Bull. Seanc. Inst. r. Sci. outre Mer, 623.

Type-species: by original designation as Hypsopanchax silvestris Poll & Lambert, 1958.

Type locality: Yangambi, Lusambila river, Zaïre. 


Hylopanchax leki (van der Zee, Sonnenberg & Schliewen, 2013)

Hylopanchax moke (van der Zee, Sonnenberg & Schliewen, 2013

Hylopanchax ndeko (van der Zee, Sonnenberg & Schliewen, 2013)

Description of three new species of Hylopanchax Poll & Lambert, 1965 from the central Congo Basin (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae: Procatopodini) with a redefinition of the genus.

Zootaxa 3701 (no. 1): 35-53. 

Abstract:  Three new species of the lampeye genus Hylopanchax are described from the central Congo basin: H. leki, new species, H. ndeko, new species, and H. moke, new species. These differ considerably in body shape from the two previously de- scribed species, H. stictopleuron and H. silvestris, with two deep bodied and one small and slender species. A redefinition of the diagnostic characters of the genus Hylopanchax is presented, including pronounced sexual dimorphism.


Hylopanchax paucisquamatus (Sonnenberg, Friel & Van der Zee, 2014) 

Description of Hylopanchax paucisquamatus (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae), a new lampeye species from the Odzala-Kokoua National Park, Republic of Congo. Zootaxa 3846 (no. 4): 577-58

Abstract:  A new deep-bodied Hylopanchax species is described from the northwestern Congo basin. Hylopanchax paucisquamatus, new species, was collected in the Odzala-Kokoua National Park in the Likouala River drainage of the Republic of Congo. It differs from its congeners, including the deep-bodied H. leki and H. ndeko, by a unique combination of morphological characters, including low number of mid-longitudinal and transverse scales, number of dorsal-fin rays, and position of dorsal-fin origin in relation to anal-fin. It is the only deep-bodied species currently known outside the Kasaï River drainage.


Hylopanchax silvestris (Poll & Lambert, 1958)

Un Cyprinodontidé et un Clariidé nouveaux de la grande Forêt Congolaise. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 58: 328, figs.

Type locality: Yangambi, Lusambila river, Zaïre.


Hylopanchax stictopleuron (Fowler, 1949)

Results of the two Carpenter African Expeditions, 1946-1948. Part 2. The Fishes. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad., 101: 263, figs. 59-63.

Type locality: Oka, 18 miles (29 km) north of Eovo, Congo basin, Afrique équatoriale française (today Congo).



Hypsopanchax (Myers 1924)

New Genera of African Poeciliid Fishes. Copeia, 129: 41.

Type-species: by original designation (also monotypic) as Haplochilus platysternus Nichols & Griscom, 1917

Type locality: Stanleyville (today Kisangani), creek tributary to Tshopo river, Zaïre.


Hypsopanchax catenatus (Radda, 1981)

Hypsopanchax catenatus spec. nov., eine neue Procatopodinen-Art aus südost-Gabun. D.K.G. (Deutsche Killifisch Gem.) J., 13 (1): 3, figs. 1-3.

Type locality: 61 km south from Franceville on way to Boumango, between 


Hypsopanchax jobaerti (Poll & Lambert, 1965)

Contribution à l'Etude systématique et zoogéographique des Procatapodinae de l'Afrique centrale. Bull. Seanc. Inst. r. Sci. outre Mer, 620, fig. 2.

Type locality: Lula, Mosanji river, Kasaï province, Central Africa (today Zaïre).


Hypsopanchax jubbi (Poll & Lambert, 1965)

Contribution à l'Etude systématique et zoogéographique des Procatapodinae de l'Afrique centrale.

Bull. Seanc. Inst. r. Sci. outre Mer: 616, fig. 1.

Type locality: upper Zambezi river near its origin, Mwinilunga district, Rhodesia (today northwestern Zambia).

Hypsopanchax platysternus (Nichols & Griscom, 1917)

Freshwater Fishes of the Congo basin obtained by the American Museum Congo Expedition, 1909-1915. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 37 (25): 724, fig. 28.

Type locality: Stanleyville (today Kisangani), creek tributary to Tshopo river, Zaïre.


Hypsopanchax stiassnyae (Zee, Sonnenberg & Mbimbi, 2015)

Hypsopanchax stiassnyae, a new poeciliid fish from the Lulua River (Democratic Republic of Congo) (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes)

Abstract:  Hypsopanchax stiassnyae, new species, is described from recent collections in the Lulua River (Kasaï drainage). All Hypsopanchax species from the southern Congo drainage share a similar supra-orbital cephalic sensory system, that differs from the characteristic zigzag shaped system of the three northern species H. catenatus, H. platysternus, H. zebra, and Platypanchax modestus. Most probably H. jobaerti is the closest relative of this relatively small species, based on shared characters of the supra-orbital sensory system. Hypsopanchax stiassnyae differs from H. jobaerti in adult male fin colour pattern, dorsal profile, body depth, and length of dorsal and anal fin base in females.


Hypsopanchax zebra  (Pellegrin, 1929) 

Siluridé et Cyprinodontidé nouveaux du Gabon recueillis par M. A. Baudon.

Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 54: 642, fig. 2.

Type locality: near Omoi, Loula river (and also near Zanaga, Lébagni river), upper Ogooué basin, southwestern Congo.

Distribution: West-central Africa.
Synonym: Micropanchax zebra (Pellegrin, 1929)  


Micropanchax (Myers, 1924)

New Genera of African Poeciliid Fishes. Copeia, 129: 42.

Type-species: Haplochilus schoelleri Boulenger, 1904.

Micropanchax loati (Boulenger 1901)

Type locality: lake No, White Nile river, (south central) Sudan.

Micropanchax spec. "Rundu NA K  2011“

Catcher: Heiko Kärst (Namibia 2011)




Micropanchax antinorii (Vinciguerra 1883)

Spedizione italiana nell'Africa equitoriale, Resultati zoologici. Pesci d'Aqua dolce.

Annali Mus. Civ. Storia Nat., Genova, 1 (18): 693, fig.

Type locality: lake Arsadé (today lake Orsedi), Adda-Galla region, South of Scioa, (northeast of Addis Ababa, southern) Ethiopia.

Synonym: Aplocheilichthys antinorii (Vinciguerra, 1883)


Micropanchax bracheti (Berkenkamp 1983)

Der Brachet-Leuchtaugenfisch, Aplocheilichthys bracheti spec. nov., eine Neuheit aus Nord-Togo. Aquar. Terr. Zeit. (D.A.T.Z.), 36 (8): 293, figs.

Type locality: 8 km southeast of Lama-Kara, northern Togo.

Synonym: Aplocheilichthys bracheti Berkenkamp, 1983


Micropanchax camerunensis (Radda, 1971)

Cyprinodontidenstudien im südlichen Kamerun. 4. Das Inlandplateau im Südwestlichen Ostkamerun. Aquaria: Österreichische Zeitschrift für Vivaristik v. 5: 157-167.

Distribution: West-Central Africa.

Synonym: Aplocheilichthys camerunensis Radda, 1971


Micropanchax ehrichi (Berkenkamp & Etzel 1994)

Ein neuer Leuchtaugenfisch aus Mali, Aplocheilichthys ehrichi spec. nov., mit Informationen zur Systematik und Chorologie verwandter Arten. D.K.G. (Deutsche Killifisch Gem.) J., 26 (1): 1, fig.

Type locality: near Samalofila, southwest of Bamako, Mali.

Synonym: Aplocheilichthys ehrichi Berkenkamp & Etzel, 1994


Micropanchax fuelleborni (Ahl 1924)

Neue Afrikanische Zahnkarpfen aus dem Zoologischen Museum Berlin. Zool. Anz., 61 (3-4): 138.

Type locality: lake Rukwa, southwestern Tanzania.

Synonym: Aplocheilichthys fuelleborni Ahl, 1924


Micropanchax hutereaui (Boulenger, 1913)

Sur une petite Collection de Poissons recuellis dans l'Uele, par la Mission dirigée par M. Hutereau.

Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 2: 159.

Type locality: Dungu, upper Uélé river, northeastern Zaïre.

Synonym: Aplocheilichthys schalleri Scheel & Radda, 1974

Aplocheilichthys chobensis (Fowler, 1935)

Aplocheilichthys baudoni (Myers, 1924)

Aplocheilichthys hutereaui (Boulenger, 1913)


Micropanchax johnstoni (Günther, 1894)

Second Report on the Reptiles, Batrachians and Fishes transmitted by Mr. H.H. Johnston C.B. from British Central Africa. Proc. Zool. Soc. London, (1893): 627.

Type locality: Fort Johnston (today Mangochi), British Central Africa (today east-central Malawi).

Synonym:  Aplocheilichthys johnstoni (Günther, 1894)

Aplocheilichthys carlislei (Van der Horst, 1934)

Lacustricola johnstoni (Günther, 1894)


Micropanchax keilhacki (Ahl 1928)

Beiträge zur Systematik der afrikanische Zahnkarpfen. Zool. Anz., 79 (3-4): 114, fig. 1.

Type locality: Dje Ta (today Djeta), 3 hours east of Anécho, Togo lagoon, (southeastern) Togo.

Synonym: Aplocheilichthys keilhacki Ahl, 1928


Micropanchax katangae (Boulenger, 1912)

Synonym: Aplocheilichthys luluae (Fowler, 1930) 

Aplocheilichthys katangae (Boulenger, 1912)


Micropanchax kingii (Boulenger 1913)

Description of a new Cyprinodont Fish from the Sobat River. Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist., 8 (12): 566.

Type locality: khor on Sobat river, eastern Africa (today Sudan).

Synonym: Aplocheilichthys kingii (Boulenger, 1913)


Micropanchax loati (Boulenger 1901)

Diagnoses of new Fishes discovered by Mr. W.L.S. Loat in the Nile. Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist., 7 (8): 446.

Type locality: lake No, White Nile river, (south central) Sudan.

Synonym: Aplocheilichthys schoelleri (Boulenger, 1904)

Aplocheilichthys loati Boulenger, 1901


Micropanchax rudolfianus (Worthington 1932)

Scientific Results of the Cambridge Expedition to the East African Lakes. II. Fishes other than Cichlids. J. Linnean Soc. London Zool., 38: 131, fig. 5.

Type locality: lake Rudolf (today lake Turkana), Kenya.

Synonym: Aplocheilichthys rudolfianus (Worthington, 1932)


Micropanchax pfaffi (Daget, 1954)

Les Poissons du Niger supérieur. Mém. I.F.A.N. Dakar, 36: 324, fig. 124.

Type locality: Diafarabé, upper Niger river, southwestern Mali.

Synonym: Aplocheilichthys pfaffi Daget, 1954

Aplocheilichthys longicauda Blache & Miton, 1960


Micropanchax petnehazyi (Béla Nagy & Emmanuel Vreven 2018)

Micropanchax petnehazyi, a new species of lampeye cyprinodontiform from the Lufira drainage, Democratic Republic of Congo (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae)

(Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwaters, Vol. 28, No. 2, pp. 157-169, 6 figs., 4 tabs., January 2018)


Micropanchax petnehazyi, new species, is described from ephemeral pools of the Tshipokokolo River basin, a right bank tributary of the Upper Lufira drainage in the Democratic Republic of Congo. It is identified as most similar to M. hutereaui. Both species share the overall diagnostic characters of similar male colour pattern characterised by the presence of dark transverse markings on the median fins; reticulate markings on the side; as well as cephalic sensory system of both sexes characterised by supraorbital canal in two short, discontinuous grooves, with exposed neuromasts; and postorbital and preopercular sensory systems tubular with pores. Micropanchax petnehazyi is distinguished from M. hutereaui by the following unique combination of characters in males: dorsal and anal fins with faint brown stripes perpendicular to fin rays (vs. curved stripes); anal fin with a faint brown margin and without a light submarginal band (vs. with dark brown margin and with light submarginal band); caudal fin with irregular vertical markings forming a reticulate pattern (vs. narrow vertical bands); as well as for both sexes preorbital sensory system in a shallow canal with three exposed neuromasts (vs. tubular with three pores); mandibular sensory system in open groove with small exposed neuromasts (vs. tubular with pores); smaller body depth at pelvic fin origin 25.3-28.7 % SL (vs. 30.0-32.3); smaller interorbital width 34-40 % HL (vs. 47-51); larger postorbital length 45-46 % HL (vs. 38-43); smaller suborbital depth 11-14 % HL (vs. 21-25); and larger caudal peduncle length 1.4 times of its depth (vs. 1.0-1.1).

Foto:                      Info: 


Micropanchax scheeli (Roman, 1971)

Peces de Rio Muni. Pub. Inst. Biol. Apl. Barcelona, 49: 19, fig. 6.

Type locality: rio Utonde (12 km from its mouth), western Ecuatorial Guinea.
Synonym: Aplocheilichthys scheeli Roman, 1971

Aplocheilichthys macrophthalmus scheeli Roman, 1971




Laciris  (Huber, J. H.  1981)

A review of cyprinodont fauna of the coastal plain in Rio Muni, Gabon, Congo, Cabinda and Zaire with taxonomic shifts in Aphyosemion, Epiplatys and West African procatopodins.

British Killifish Assoc. Publ. 1-46. 


Laciris pelagicus (Worthington, 1932)  

Distribution: Africa: endemic to Lake edward, in the northeastern part of the democratic Republic of the Congo and western Uganda 

Synonym: Aplocheilichthys pelagicus (Worthington, 1932) 

Micropanchax pelagicus


Plataplochilus (Ahl 1928)


Beiträge zur Systematik der afrikanische Zahnkarpfen. Zool. Anz., 79 (3-4): 116.


Type-species: by original designation (also monotypic) as Haplochilichthys ngaensis Ahl, 1924.



Type locality: Attogondema, Nga river, German Cameroun 

Plataplochilus sp. Méla, 63kms north-east of Kougouleu PEG 1993-20

Fänger: Guido Passaro & Wolfgang Eberl, 1993, Gabon.




Plataplochilus cabindae (Boulenger 1911)

Description of new African Cyprinodont Fishes. Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist., 8 (8), (44): 264.

Type locality: Lucola river, near Cabinda, Angola.

Synonym:  Aplocheilichthys micrurus Ahl, 1928

Aplocheilichthys cabindae (Boulenger, 1911)


Plataplochilus chalcopyrus (Lambert 1963)

Description de deux Cyprinodontidae nouveaux du Gabon. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 68: 309, figs. 1-2.

Type locality: Diala river, PK (kilometer marker) 50 on road Lambaréné-Mouila, Gabon.


Plataplochilus loemensis (Pellegrin 1924)

Poissons de la Région de Loango (Gabon) recueillis par M. Baudon. Description de deux Espèces et de deux Variétés nouvelles. Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 49: 289, fig. 3.

Type locality: Lombo (today Koulombo, subseq.) river, (northern) tributary of Loémé river, Gabon (today southwestern Congo).

Synonym: Aplocheilichthys loemensis (Pellegrin, 1924)


Plataplochilus miltotaenia (Lambert 1963)

Description de deux Cyprinodontidae nouveaux du Gabon. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 68: 314, figs. 4-5.

Type locality: PK 19 (19th kilometer marker) of the road Lambaréné-Mouila, western Gabon.


Plataplochilus mimus (Lambert, 1967)

Description de deux nouvelles Espèces de Plataplochilus Ahl du Gabon, avec une Redéfinition de l'Espèce P. cabindae (Blgr.) (Pisces, Cyprinodontidae). Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 76: 364, figs. 1-2.

Type locality: N'Koltang, PK 28 (28th kilometer marker) along road Libreville-Kango, Gabon.


Plataplochilus ngaensis (Ahl 1924)

Neue Afrikanische Zahnkarpfen aus dem Zoologischen Museum Berlin. Zool. Anz., 61 (3-4): 135.

Type locality: Attogondema, Nga river, German Cameroun (Attokondama, tributary to Noya river, northern Gabon, near the border with Mbini, subseq.).

Synonym: Aplocheilichthys ngaensis (Ahl, 1924)


Plataplochilus pulcher (Lambert, 1967)

Description de deux nouvelles Espèces de Plataplochilus Ahl du Gabon, avec une Redéfinition de l'Espèce P. cabindae (Blgr.) (Pisces, Cyprinodontidae). Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 76: 368, fig. 3.

Type locality: PK 40 (40th kilometer marker) along road Libreville-Kango, Gabon. 


Plataplochilus terveri (Huber 1981)

A Review of the Cyprinodont Fauna of the coastal Plain in Rio Muni, Gabon, Congo, Cabinda, and Zaire with taxonomic Shifts in Aphyosemion, Epiplatys, and west African Procatopodins. British Killifish Ass. Publ., Separatum: 39, fig.

Type locality: La Passa (today Mpassa, east of Franceville at confluence between Ogooué and Mpassa rivers, subseq.), upper Ogooué river, Gabon.


Platypanchax (Ahl, 1928)

Beiträge zur Systematik der afrikanische Zahnkarpfen. Zool. Anz., 79 (3-4): 116.

Type-species: by original designation (also monotypic) as Haplochilus modestus Pappenheim, 1914.

Type locality: near Beni, Nile system (Old Beni, Ituri river basin), northeastern Zaïre.


Platypanchax modestus (Pappenheim, 1914)

Fische. In: Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Zentral Afrikanische Expedition 1907-1908. P.

Press, 5 (Zool. 3): 252.

Type locality: near Beni, Nile system (Old Beni, Ituri river basin), northeastern Zaïre.

Synonym: Aplocheilichthys deprimozi (Pellegrin, 1928)


Aplocheilichthys analis (Worthington, 1932)


Platypanchax modestus

Poropanchax (Clausen 1967)

Tropical old World Cyprinodonts. Akademisk Forlag, Copenhagen, Denmark: 12, 36.

Type-species: by original designation as Aplocheilichthys macrophthalmus Meinken, 1932.

Poropanchax luxophthalmus (Brüning 1929) 

Type locality: Lagos, Nigeria.


Poropanchax brichardi (Poll, 1971)

Un Genre nouveau et une Espèce nouvelle de Cyprinodontidae Congolais.

Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 83: 304, figs. A-E.

Type locality: Liyéké, dead arm of Tshuapa river, between Boendé and Watsi, 2 km from Boendé, Zaïre.

Synonym:  Aplocheilichthys brichardi (Poll, 1971)


Poropanchax  hannerzi (Scheel, 1968)

A Review of Aplocheilichthys macrophthalmus Meinken, 1932 (Teleostomi, Cyprinodontidae, Procatapodinae). J. Amer. Killifish Assoc., 5 (2): 16, fig. 10.

Type locality: small brook crossing road between Port Harcourt and Abá, eastern Nigeria. 

Synonym:  Aplocheilichthys macrophthalmus hannerzi Scheel, 1968


Poropanchax luxophthalmus (Brüning 1929)

Der grüne Leuchtaugenfisch und der afrikanische Glanzkärpfling. Wochen.

Aquar. Terr'kunde, 26 (23): 356, fig. 1.

Type locality: Lagos, Nigeria.

Synonym: Micropanchax macrophthalmus (Meinken, 1932)

Aplocheilichthys luxophthalmus (Brüning, 1929)

Aplocheilichthys dispar Gras, 1961


Poropanchax luxophthalmus (Nigeria)


Poropanchax myersi (Poll, 1952)

Notes sur les Cyprinodontidae du Musée du Congo Belge. Deuxième Partie: les Aplocheilichthyini et les Lamprichthyini. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 45: 300.

Type locality: Atena island (today Mbamou island), Stanley Pool, Kinshasa, Zaïre.

Synonym:  Aplocheilichthys myersi Poll, 1952


Poropanchax normani (Ahl 1928)

Description of two new Cyprinodont Fishes from Nigeria. Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist., 10 (2): 600.

Type locality: Kiyawa river, near Katagum, northern province, Nigeria.

Synonym:  Aplocheilichthys normani Ahl, 1928

Aplocheilichthys manni (Schultz, 1942)

Aplocheilichthys gambiensis Svensson, 1933


Poropanchax pepo

(jouke R. Van Der Zee, Kimberly Bernotas, Pedro H.N. Bragança, and Melanie L.J. Stiassny 2019)

An Unexpected New Poropanchax (Cyprinodontiformes, Procatopodidae) from the Kongo Central Province, Democratic Republic of Congo

Source: American Museum Novitates, 2019(3941) : 1-12
Published By: American Museum of Natural History

A new procatopodid, assigned to the genus Poropanchax, is described from a wetland habitat
located adjacent to the Inga Falls in Lower Congo. Poropanchax pepo, new species, is distinguished from all congeners by a combination of characters including a higher D/A ratio, rounded anal and dorsal ins, a humeral blotch in males, and the absence of a sharp ventral process on the basipterygium. he inding of a Poropanchax species in Lower Congo was unexpected, since the closest known congeneric population is located in northwestern Gabon, some 700 kilometers to the north. As recognized herein the genus Poropanchax is a clade comprised of five species geographically restricted to humid coastal regions of west and west-central Africa.


Poropanchax rancureli (Daget 1965)

Poissons nouveaux de Côte d'Ivoire. Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Natur. Paris, 36 (5) (1964): 592.

Type locality: Banco creek, near Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast).

Synonym: Aplocheilichthys rancureli Daget, 1965


Poropanchax stigmatopygus (Wildekamp & Malumbres 2004)

Identification of Micropanchax scheeli (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae: Aplocheilichthyinae) with the Description of a new Species of the Genus Poropanchax. Cybium, 28 (1): 63, fig. 1.

Type locality: lower Sanaga river, (western) Cameroun.

Procatopus (Boulenger 1904)

Type Species : Procatopus nototaenia

Type locality: 15-20 miles (ca. 24-32 km) southwest of Efulen, tributaries to Lobi river (today Lobé), reaching the sea at Batanga, southern Cameroun.

Procatopus abbreviatus (Pellegrin, 1929)

Cyprinodontidés, Acanthoptérygiens du Cameroun recueillis par M. Th. Monod. Description de cinq Espèces et de deux Variétés nouvelles. Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 54: 367.

Type locality: Yabassi, Wuri river, (western) Cameroun.

Procatopus aberrans (Ahl 1927)

Neue Afrikanische Fische der Familien Anabantidae und Cyprinodontidae.

Sitz. Gesell. Naturf. Freunde, Berlin: 80.

Type locality: Ossidinge (or Ossidenge, today Mamfé, subseq.), Cameroun.

Procatopus aberrans "CAM 2006-15"

Procatopus nototaenia (Boulenger 1904)

Descriptions of new West African Freshwater Fishes. Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist., 7 (14): 20.

Type locality: 15-20 miles (ca. 24-32 km) southwest of Efulen, tributaries to Lobi river (today Lobé), reaching the sea at Batanga, southern Cameroun. 


Procatopus nototaenia


Procatopus similis (Ahl 1927)

Neue Afrikanische Fische der Familien Anabantidae und Cyprinodontidae.

Sitz. Gesell. Naturf. Freunde, Berlin: 79.

Type locality: Logobaba (today Logbaba, east of Douala), Cameroun.

Procatopus similis "Kumba GPE 1990-2"


Rhexipanchax (Huber 1999)

Updates on the Phylogeny and Systematics of the African Lampeye schooling Cyprinodonts (Aplocheilichthyinae, Cyprinodontiformes). Cybium, 23 (1): 73.

Type-species: by original designation as Haplochilichthys nimbaensis Daget, 1948.

Type locality: Mount Nimba, Gâ (Cavally), Guinée française, 1100-1250 m altitude.


Rhexipanchax kabae (Daget 1962)

Les Poissons du Fouta Dialon et de la basse Guinée. Mém. I.F.A.N. Dakar, 65: 139, fig. 44 ; pl. 12 (fig. 29).

Type locality: tributary streams of Mamou river (a tributary of the Kaba river), Guinée.


Rhexipanchax lamberti (Daget 1962)

Les Poissons du Fouta Dialon et de la basse Guinée. Mém. I.F.A.N. Dakar, 65: 136, fig. 43 ; pl. 12 (figs. 27-28).

Type locality: Bafing river, at bridge between Dabola and Timbo, Guinée.

Synonym: Aplocheilichthys lamberti Daget, 1962

Rhexipanchax lamberti "Guinea"


Rhexipanchax monikae (Berkenkamp & Etzel 1976)

Aquarienfische aus der Elfenbeinküste. 2. Aplocheilichthys monikae spec. nov., aus dem westlichen Hochland. Aquarienfreund, 5 (12): 224, figs. 1-4.

Type locality: Yo, exit of the village, Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast).


Rhexipanchax nimbaensis (Daget 1948)

La Collection de Poissons d'eau douce de l'I.F.A.N. Catalogue I.F.A.N., Dakar 3: 40, fig. 13.

Type locality: Mount Nimba, Gâ (Cavally), Guinée française, 1100-1250 m altitude.

Synonym: Aplocheilichthys nimbaensis (Daget, 1948)


Rhexipanchax schioetzi (Scheel 1968)

Description of a new Species of Procatapodinae from Ghana, with Remarks on the Frontal Patterns of Scales and Neuromasts in West African Procatopodine Species. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 78: 280, figs. 1-2.

Type locality: Bobiri Forest Reserve, Kumasi, (central) Ghana.

Synonym: Aplocheilichthys schioetzi Scheel, 1968

Aplocheilichthys monikae Berkenkamp & Etzel, 1976


Rhexipanchax terofali (Berkenkamp & Etzel 1981)

Aquarienfische aus der Elfenbeinküste. 9. Ein neuer Leuchtaugenfisch Aplocheilichthys terofali spec. nov. (Pisces, Cyprinodontidae, Procatopodinae). D.K.G. (Deutsche Killifisch Gem.) J., 13 (10): 150, figs.

Type locality: between Duékoué and Man (Bangolo), upper Sassandra river, western Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast).