Aphanius

Aphanius (Nardo, 1827)

Prodromus observationum et disquisitionum Adriaticae Ichthyologiae. Giornali di Fisica, Chimica, Storia Naturale, Medicina ed Arti, 2 (10): 34, 39-40.

Type-species: by subsequent designation (Jordan, 1917) as Aphanius nanus Nardo, 1827.

Type locality: Adriatic sea, Italia.

    Aphanius nanus syn. fasciatus

Aphanius fasciatus Valenciennes in (Humboldt & Valenciennes, 1821)

Recherches sur les Poissons fluviatiles de l'Amérique équinoxiale. In: F.H.A. Humboldt & A. Valenciennes. Voyage de Humboldt et Bonpland. Schoell & Dufour Eds. Paris. Zoologie, Vol. II.: 160, pl. 51 (fig.4).

Aphanius anatoliae                                                                       Type locality: no type locality (most probably:                                                                                                                Cagliari, Sardinia).


Aphanius almiriensis (Kottelat, Barbieri & Stoumboudi, 2007)

Aphanius almiriensis, a new species of toothcarp from Greece (Teleostei: Cyprinodontidae).

Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 114 (no. 1): 13-31.

Abstract: Aphanius almiriensis, new species, is described from a brackish water spring and from a lagoon (and its inflowing freshwater spring) in the Peloponnese (Greece). It is distinguished by the yellowish caudal fin of the male that has a wide faint grey margin and by the colour pattern of the female (7-11 dark, roundish blotches on the side, more or less connected by an irregular dark midlateral stripe). Aphanius almiriensis is critically endangered; it is possibly extinct at the type locality and the second locality is much impacted. The identity, type material and type locality of A.fasciatus are discussed, and a neotype is designated. Several species are possibly confused under the name A. fasciatus.

 

Aphanius anatoliae (Leidenfrost, 1912)

Kis-âzsiai halak (Fishes from Asia Minor). Allattani Közlemênyek

Zoological Messages, Budapest), 11 (3): 130, fig. 1.

Type locality: Jazla Jayla, near the Karadza Da mountains, Asia Minor (today Turkey).

Aphanius anatoliae "Kovada-kanaal"

Synonym of Aphanius anatoliae

Cyprinodon lykaoniensis (Leidenfrost, 1912)

Aphanius chantrei venustus (Kosswig & Sözer, 1945)

Aphanius burduricus iconii (Aksiray, 1948)

Aphanius chantrei aksaranus (Aksiray, 1948)

Aphanius chantrei altus (Aksiray, 1948)

Aphanius chantrei flavianalis (Aksiray, 1948)

Aphanius chantrei fontinalis (Aksiray, 1948)

Aphanius chantrei litoralis (Aksiray, 1948)

Aphanius chantrei maeandricus (Aksiray, 1948)

Aphanius chantrei meridionalis (Aksiray, 1948)

Aphanius chantrei obrukensis (Aksiray, 1948)

Aphanius chantrei parvus (Aksiray, 1948)

 

Aphanius apodus (Gervais, 1853)

Remarques sur les Poissons fluviatiles de l'Algérie et Description de deux Genres nouveaux sous les Noms de Coptodon et Tellia. Ann. Sci. Natur., 3 (19): 15.

Type locality: Tell springs, south of Constantine, Algérie.

 

Aphanius arakensis Teimori, Esmaeili, Gholami, Zarei & Reichenbacher, 2012

Aphanius arakensis, a new species of tooth-carp (Actinopterygii, Cyprinodontidae) from the endorheic Namak Lake basin in Iran. ZooKeys 215:55-76. 

Abstract: A new species of tooth-carp, Aphanius arakensis sp. n., is described from the Namak Lake basin in Iran. The new species is distinguished by the congeners distributed in Iran by the following combination of characters: 10–12 anal fin rays, 28–32 lateral line scales, 10–13 caudal peduncle scales, 8–10 gill rakers, 12–19, commonly 15–16, clearly defined flank bars in males, a more prominent pigmentation along the flank added by relatively big blotches in the middle and posterior flank segments in females, a short but high antirostrum of the otolith that has a wide excisura, and a ventral rim with some small, drop-like processes, and 19 molecular apomorphies (17 transitions, two transversions) in the cytochrome b gene. It was suggested based on the phylogenetic analysis that the new species is sister to Aphanius sophiae from the Kor River and that Aphanius farsicus from the Maharlu Lake basin is sister to Aphanius arakensis plus Aphanius sophiae. A noticeable feature of the Aphanius diversity in Iran is the conservatism of the external morphology as well as morphometric and meristic characters, while distinctive differences are present in genetic characters, otolith morphology, and male color pattern. Transformation of the latter was probably driven by sexual selection. 

 

Aphanius asquamatus (Sözer, 1942)

Contributions à la Connaissance des Cyprinodontidés de la Turquie.

Rev. Fac. Sci. Univ. Istambul, ser. B, 7: 308, fig. 2.

Type locality: lake Hazer, Anatolia, Turkey.

Aphanius baeticus (Doadrio, Carmona & Fernández-Delgado, 2002)

Morphometric Study of the Iberian Aphanius (Actinopterygii, Cyprinodontiformes), with Description of a new Species. Folia Zoologica, 51: 74, figs. 3-4a.

Type locality: Lebrija, Salado River, Sevilla (region), Guadalquivir basin, (southwestern) Spain.

 

 

Aphanius danfordii (Boulenger, 1890)

Notes sur quelques Espèces de Cyprinodon de l'Asie Mineure de la Syrie. Arch.

Mus. Hist. Natur. Lyon, 6 (2): 10, figs. 8-9.

Type locality: Sandarémek village, Evérek, Asia Minor.

 

Synonym of Aphanius danfordii

Aphanius chantrei (Gailland, 1895)

 

 

Aphanius danfordii "Soysalli TR-N 1986" 

 

Aphanius darabensis (Esmaeili,  Teimori,  Gholami and  Reichenbacher, 2014)

Two new species of the tooth-carp Aphanius (Teleostei: Cyprinodontidae) and the evolutionary history of the Iranian inland and inland-related Aphanius species. Zootaxa 3786(3):246-268.

Abstract:  Two new species of Aphanius are described from the Kol drainage in southern Iran (Aphanius darabensis n. sp.) and the endorheic Kavir Basin in northern Iran (A. kavirensis n. sp.), and compared with eight closely related species. Aphanius darabensis n. sp. is sister to A. shirini, from which it is distinguished by molecular characters (cytochrome b) and the combination of three morphological characters: 9–18 flank bars in males (vs. 7–10), females with irregular vertical patches of brown color on the flank (vs. prominent dark brown blotches of round or irregular shape), and symmetrically-shaped triangular to trapezoid otoliths with a rostrum distinctly longer than the antirostrum (vs. quadrangular to trapezoid otoliths with short and equally sized rostrum and antirostrum). Aphanius kavirensis n. sp. is closely related to a group containing A. sophiae, A. mesopotamicus and A. pluristriatus, from which it is distinguished by cytochrome b characters and the combination of three morphological characters: females with irregularly arranged large blotches of dark brown color on the flank, short pectoral fin in both sexes (13.4–18.1% SL in males, 11.2–18.3% SL in females), and asymmetrically shaped triangular to trapezoid otoliths with a pronounced predorsal region. Our tree based on the cytochrome b data demonstrates that the Iranian inland and inland-related Aphanius species (IIRAS) form a monophyletic clade with three subclades (A. vladykovi -, A. shirini -, A. sophiae subclades). The A. sophiae subclade, which is the most diverse of the three subclades, can be further divided into three lineages (A. isfahanensis -, A. farsicus -, A. sophiae lineages). The temporal diversification of the IIRAS clade is discussed and two evolutionary groups of Aphanius are depicted. Aphanius vladykovi, together with A. shirini, A. darabensis n. sp. and A. isfahanensis characterize the “old” evolutionary group. Their divergences may have happened 10–5 m.y. ago (Late Miocene–Early Pliocene). Aphanius farsicus, A. arakensis, A. sophiae, A. mesopotamicus, and A. pluristriatus, together with Aphanius kavirensis n. sp., represent the “young” evolutionary group, which developed in the Late Pleistocene (100,000–11,700 y. ago) and Early to Middle Holocene (c. 11,700–4,000 y. ago).

 

 

 

Aphanius dispar (Rüppell, 1826)

Atlas zu der Reise im Nördlichen Afrika von Eduard Rüppell. Fische der rothen Meers. Heinrich Ludwig Brönner, Frankfurt am Main: 66, pl. 18 (figs. 1-2).

Type locality: Red sea (without details).

Aphanius dispar "Jurdab Bharein"

Synonym of Aphanius dispar 

Cyprinodon lunatus (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1846)

Cyprinodon moseas (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1846)

Lebias dispar foemina nom. nudum (Rüppell in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1846)

Lebias velifer (Ehrenberg in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1846)

Cyprinodon stoliczkanus (Day, 1872)

Cyprinodon cilensis (Gianferrari, 1930)

Cyprinodon darrorensis (Gianferrari, 1932)

Cyprinodon zacarinii var. airebejensis (Gianferrari, 1933)

Cyprinodon zaccarinii (Gianferrari, 1933)

 

Aphanius farsicus (Teimori, Esmaeili & Reichenbacher, 2011)

Ecological plasticity and divergence processes of the Iranian inland species of Aphanius (Teleostei, Cyprinodontidae), with focus on A. sophiae and A. farsicus in the Kor River and Maharlu Lake basins, Southwestern Iran

Abstract: The killifish Aphanius farsicus Teimori, Esmaeili & Reichenbacher, 2011 (Cyprinodontidae) or the Fars endemic toothcarp, once was widely distributed in Fars water bodies, but now is dispatriating from its native region. This fish is not listed in IUCN’s Red Data Book, but it should be due to criteria such as restricted distribution, destruction of spawning grounds and environmental pollution and drought. This vulnerable species has considerable ecological importance, but there are little data on its biology. The limited available data on its systematics, distribution, ecology, reproduction and threats are summarized and discussed.

 

Aphanius fasciatus (Valenciennes, 1821)

Recherches sur les Poissons fluviatiles de l'Amérique équinoxiale. In: F.H.A. Humboldt & A. Valenciennes. Voyage de Humboldt et Bonpland. Schoell & Dufour Eds. Paris. Zoologie, Vol. II.: 160, pl. 51 (fig.4).

Type locality: no type locality (most probably: Cagliari, Sardinia).

Synonym of Aphanius fasciatus 

Cyprinoides nanofasciatus nom. nudum (Nardo, 1824)

Aphanius nanus (Nardo, 1827)

Lebias lineatopunctata (Wagner, 1828)

Lebias sarda (Wagner, 1828)

Poecilia calaritana( Bonelli in Cuvier, 1829)

Lebias flava (Costa, 1838)

Lebias nigropunctata (Schinz, 1840)

Cyprinodon hammonis (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1846)

Poecilia thermarum (Eichwald, 1851)

Cyprinodon cyanogaster (Guichenot, 1859)

Cyprinodon doliatus (Guichenot, 1859)

Micromugil timidus (Gulia, 1861)

Micromugil macrogaster (Gulia, 1861)

Cyprinodon desioi (Gianferrari, 1932)

 

 

Aphanius furcatus (Teimori, Esmaeili, Erpenbeck and Reichenbacher. 2014)

Aphanius furcatus • A New and Unique Species of the Genus Aphanius Nardo, 1827 (Teleostei: Cyprinodontidae) from Southern Iran: A Case of Regressive Evolution.

Zoologischer Anzeiger - A Journal of Comparative Zoology.  253(4); 327–337. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcz.2013.12.001

Abstract:  A primarily vicariance-based speciation has been suggested for the killifish genus Aphanius Nardo, 1827, but ecological factors are likely to have promoted the speciation processes in addition. Here, we report on the discovery of a unique Aphanius species from Southern Iran and show that also regressive evolution has shaped the present-day diversity of Aphanius. The species is characterized by complete absence of scales and reduction in the biomineralization of hard structures, particularly of the caudal skeleton and jaw teeth. Based on mt-DNA sequences, morphometric and meristic data, osteology, jaw teeth and otoliths, it is described as Aphanius furcatus sp. n. The new species is sympatric with A. dispar ( Rüppell, 1829) in salty rivers and hot sulphuric springs in the Hormuzgan Basin (Southern Iran), and is sister taxon to this species plus A. ginaonis Holly, 1929. Based on geological data we estimate that the divergence between the lineages of A. furcatus and A. dispar is about 12–14 million years old. We conclude that the reductive phenomena observed in A. furcatus have evolved as an evolutionary response to the extreme habitat conditions in order to save energy (because storage of Ca2+ is not necessary), and to transport oxygen efficiently. The results confirm that regressive evolution is an important factor in speciation and occurs independently in separate lineages. 

 

Aphanius ginaonis (Holly, 1929)

Drei neue Fischformen aus Persien. Sitz. Akad. Wiss. Wien mathem.-naturwiss. Klasse Abt.1, 138 (7): 63.

Type locality: Ginao, spring, (38 km) north of Bandar Abbas (and 2 km west of Bandar Abbas to Sirjan road), southeastern Iran.

 

Aphanius iberus (Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1846)

Histoire naturelle des Poissons.

Librairie de la Société Géologique de France, Bertrand P. Ed., Paris, 18: 160, pl. 528.

Type locality: Spain (without details) ; restricted to eastern Spain to separate it from baeticus, a cryptic species described from southwestern Spain (subseq., herein).

Aphanius isfahanensis (Hrbek, Keivany & Coad, 2006)

New species of Aphanius (Teleostei, Cyprinodontidae) from Isfahan Province of Iran and a reanalysis of other Iranian species. Copeia 2006(2):244-255. 

Abstract: A new killifish species, Aphanius isfahanensis, is described from the Isfahan basin of Iran. It is distinguished from the other Iranian species of Aphanius by adult color pattern, molecular character states of mitochondrial DNA sequence data, and in multivariate morphometric and meristic space. Based on the phylogenetic analysis of molecular sequence data, the new species is hypothesized to be sister taxon to A. sophiae plus A. persicus, which also occur in Iran.

 

 

Aphanius isfahanensis "IR-R-2008 Ezhyeh-Zayandeh Rud"

 

Aphanius kavirensis  (Esmaeili, Teimori, Gholami & Reichenbacher, 2014)

Two new species of the tooth-carp Aphanius (Teleostei: Cyprinodontidae) and the evolutionary history of the Iranian inland and inland-related Aphanius species. Zootaxa 3786(3):246-268.

Abstract: Two new species of Aphanius are described from the Kol drainage in southern Iran (Aphanius darabensis n. sp.) and the endorheic Kavir Basin in northern Iran (A. kavirensis n. sp.), and compared with eight closely related species. Aphanius darabensis n. sp. is sister to A. shirini, from which it is distinguished by molecular characters (cytochrome b) and the combination of three morphological characters: 9–18 flank bars in males (vs. 7–10), females with irregular vertical patches of brown color on the flank (vs. prominent dark brown blotches of round or irregular shape), and symmetrically-shaped triangular to trapezoid otoliths with a rostrum distinctly longer than the antirostrum (vs. quadrangular to trapezoid otoliths with short and equally sized rostrum and antirostrum). Aphanius kavirensis n. sp. is closely related to a group containing A. sophiae, A. mesopotamicus and A. pluristriatus, from which it is distinguished by cytochrome b characters and the combination of three morphological characters: females with irregularly arranged large blotches of dark brown color on the flank, short pectoral fin in both sexes (13.4–18.1% SL in males, 11.2–18.3% SL in females), and asymmetrically shaped triangular to trapezoid otoliths with a pronounced predorsal region. Our tree based on the cytochrome b data demonstrates that the Iranian inland and inland-related Aphanius species (IIRAS) form a monophyletic clade with three subclades (A. vladykovi -, A. shirini -, A. sophiae subclades). The A. sophiae subclade, which is the most diverse of the three subclades, can be further divided into three lineages (A. isfahanensis -, A. farsicus -, A. sophiae lineages). The temporal diversification of the IIRAS clade is discussed and two evolutionary groups of Aphanius are depicted. Aphanius vladykovi, together with A. shirini, A. darabensis n. sp. and A. isfahanensis characterize the “old” evolutionary group. Their divergences may have happened 10–5 m.y. ago (Late Miocene–Early Pliocene). Aphanius farsicus, A. arakensis, A. sophiae, A. mesopotamicus, and A. pluristriatus, together with Aphanius kavirensis n. sp., represent the “young” evolutionary group, which developed in the Late Pleistocene (100,000–11,700 y. ago) and Early to Middle Holocene (c. 11,700–4,000 y. ago). 

 

Aphanius marassantensis  (Pfleiderer, Geiger & Herder, 2014)

Aphanius marassantensis, a new toothcarp from the Kızılırmak drainage in northern Anatolia (Cyprinodontiformes: Cyprinodontidae) Zootaxa 3887 (5): 569-582

Abstract: Aphanius marassantensis, new species, is described from the Kızılırmak River drainage in northern Anatolia based on colouration, meristic and morphometric characters, and the mtDNA COI barcode region. It is distinguished from other Anatolian Aphanius by one or several of the following characters: a stout body shape (BD/SL 28.2–39.6%), complete scale cover, and 25–28 scales along the lateral line. Males have 8–13 dark-brown lateral bars, of which the antepenultimate bar anterior to the caudal-fin base is 0.9–1.8 times wider than the anterior white interspace, 2–3 vertical rows of spots on the caudal fin, a black dorsal fin, sometimes with a narrow whitish-grey base, a white anal fin with 1–3 rows of black spots, in some individuals with a black margin, and hyaline pelvic fins. Females do not have vertical rows of dark-brown spots on caudal or anal fins, but numerous dark-brown spots on the flanks, arranged in 1–3 lateral rows behind a vertical from the dorsal-fin base. Their dorsal fin is hyaline with tiny dark-brown spots on rays and membranes; pectoral fins, caudal and anal fins are hyaline, and one prominent large dark-brown blotch is situated in mid-lateral position on the hypural plate. The new species is also distinguished by 11 fixed, diagnostic nucleotide substitutions in the mtDNA COI barcode region. The description of this new species, which brings the number of Anatolian Aphanius species to 12, underlines the character of Anatolia as a region of extraordinarily high biodiversity. 

 

 

Aphanius mento (Heckel, 1843)

Reisen in Europa, Asien und Afrika, etc. E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagshandlung (E. Koch), Stuttgart, vol.1, part 2.: 1089, pl. 6 (fig. 4).

Type locality: Mosul, northern Iraq.

Aphanius mento "Kirkgoz TRM 2009"

Aphanius mento "TRK 2006 Titreyengöl"

Aphanius mento "Elbistan"

 

Synonym of Aphanius mento 

Lebias cypris (Heckel 1843)

Aphanius cypris alexandri (Aksiray, 1948)

Aphanius cypris boulengeri (Aksiray, 1948)

Aphanius cypris orontis (Aksiray, 1948)

Aphanius sophiae mentoides (Aksiray, 194)

Aphanius sophiae similis (Aksiray, 1948)

Aphanius cypris guentheri nom. nudum (Özarslan, 1958)

Aphanius mento striptus (Goren, 1974)

 

 

Aphanius mesopotamicus (Coad, 2009)

A new record confirms the occurrence of Aphanius mesopotamicus Coad, 2009, in southwestern Iran (Actinopterygii: Cyprinodontidae). Check List 8(2): 283-285, 2012

Abstract: We report the occurrence of Mesopotamian tooth carp, Aphanius mesopotamicus Coad 2009, in a southern branch of the Karkheh River, 10 km west of Hoor-Al-Azim Wetland. This is the first report of successful collection of this species after its first collection in 1978-80 and futile efforts during the last three decades and after its original description based on those old museum specimens.

http://www.checklist.org.br/getpdf?NGD235-11

 

Aphanius opavensis (Gaudant, 2006) 

Occurrence of the genus Aphanius Nardo (teleostean fishes, Cyprinodontidae) in the evaporitic Upper Badenian of eastern Czech Republic. Casopis Slezskeho Zemskeho Muzea, Serie A, Vedy Prirodni, 55(2): 97–104 [Zoological Record Volume 143].

Type locality: Eastern Czech Republic.

The study of the Cyprinodontid fishes collected in the spoil heaps of the Opava-Katerinky gypsum quarry has shown that they belong to the recent Mediterranean genus Aphanius Nardo. These fishes generally exhibit a more or less developed pachyostosis, already described in the Messinian Mediterranean species Aphanius crassicaudus (Agassiz). However, the Upper Badenian Aphanius from Opava-Katerinky differ from it by their smaller number of postabdominal vertebrae and also differ from every other Aphanius species hitherto described. For this reason, they are here described as Aphanius opavensis sp. n. 

 

Aphanius saourensis (Blanco, Hrbek & Doadrio, 2006)

A new species of the genus Aphanius (Nardo, 1832) (Actinopterygii, Cyprinodontidae) from Algeria.

Zootaxa No. 1158: 39-53.

Abstract: A new species, Aphanius saourensis sp. nov., is described based on morphological and genetic characters. The new species comes from the Saoura Valley in northwestern Algeria. It differs from Aphanius iberus, in which the Saoura Valley populations have been included until now, by a combination of the following characters: 7–8 (9) branched rays in dorsal fin; greater preorbital length (PrOL/ED=0.9–1.3); and a narrower caudal peduncle (CPL/BLD=1.7–2.0). Body pigmentation in live males consists of a profusely mottled blue and silver pattern, without vertical bars. Females lack conspicuous black spots. The new species differs from both of its sister taxa (Aphanius iberus and A. baeticus) at 26 fixed nucleotide positions (molecular autapomorphies) in the cytochrome b gene. Genetic divergence between Aphanius iberus and Aphanius saourensis sp. nov. for the cytochrome b gene is 4.9–5.8 % and between Aphanius baeticus and Aphanius saourensis sp. nov. 6.3– 6.5 %.

http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2006f/zt01158p053.pdf

 

Aphanius sirhani (Villwock, Scholl y Krupp, 1983)

Zur Taxonomie, Verbreitung und Speziation des Formenkreis Aphanius dispar (Rüppell, 1828) und Beschreibung von Aph. sirhani n. sp. Mitt. Hamburg Zool. Mus. Inst., 80: 260, figs. 3-4.

Type locality: Azraq oasis, Jordan.

 

Aphanius shirini (Gholami, Z., H.R. Esmaeili, D. Erpenbeck and B. Reichenbacher, 2013)

Phylogenetic analysis of Aphanius from the endorheic Kor River Basin in the Zagros Mountains, South-western Iran (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes: Cyprinodontidae). J. Zool. Sys. Evol. Res. 52(2):130-141.

Abstract: Morphologically similar populations of Aphanius that are currently considered as A. sophiaeinhabit the endorheic Kor River Basin in the Zagros Mountains. Using genetic analysis based on mtDNA (cytochrome b), combined with examination of morphology (morphometry, meristics, otoliths), we discovered that what is thought to be A. sophiae is actually two distinct species, one of which is described as A. shirini sp. n. The males of the new species can be distinguished from those of all other Iranian inland Aphanius species by having only 7–10 clearly defined white flank bars, which is the lowest number of flank bars among the Iranian inland Aphanius species. Both males and females differ from all other Iranian inland Aphanius species by having a significantly longer caudal peduncle and a smaller dorsal fin depth. Based on the PhyML and Bayesian likelihood trees, A. shirini is sister to A. vladykovi from the Karoun Basin in the Zagros Mountains. Our results indicate that an ancient exorheic Kor River Basin existed in the Late Miocene and Pliocene. The close phylogenetic relationship between A. shirini and A. vladykovi suggests that the pre-Pliocene drainage in the ancient Kor River Basin was directed to the north-west (to the Karoun Basin), and not to the south-east as in the present-day Kor Basin. Both A. shirini and A. vladykovirepresent the highest altitude records for Aphanius. We conclude that the splits of A. shirini and A. vladykovi can be linked to tectonic events in the Middle to Late Miocene, which created the highest altitudes (>3000 m) in the Zagros Mountains, and led to isolation of populations. The present-day endorheic Kor Basin is known to have formed in the Late Pleistocene or Early Holocene, and the ‘young’ age of A. sophiae is clearly related to this history. Our results contribute to elucidate the link between geological history and the present-day species diversity in the tectonically still active Zagros Mountains of Iran.

 

Aphanius sophiae (Heckel, 1846)

Russeger, J. Reisen in Europa, Asien und Afrika, etc. E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagshandlung (E. Koch), Stuttgart, vol.2, part 3.: 267, pl. 22.

Type locality: near Persepolis (today, endorheic Kor river basin, north of Shiraz, Fars), Iran.

 

Gonad morphology and histology of an endemic tooth-carp, Aphanius sophiae (Heckel, 1847) from Iran

(Shadi Aminaghaie, Hamid Reza Esmaeili 2007)

Abstract

This study presents the first details on morphological and histological characteristics of gonads and gonadal development stages of an endemic tooth-carp, Aphanius sophiae (Heckel, 1847) from a spring-stream system (south of Iran). The sampling was done from March 2012 to March 2013 using dip net, and a total of 226 individuals were collected. The gonads of specimens were removed, and then fixed in 10% formalin solution after checking their morphology and measuring their weights, lengths and widths. Based on the size, shape and weight of the gonads, degree of occupation of the body cavity, presence or absence of ripe oocytes or milt, diameter of the oocytes in the ovary, and histological observations, five stages of sexual maturation in females and males were determined by macroscopic and microscopic criteria. The results of the gonadal stages indicated that A. sophiae spawns at the beginning of spring.

 

Synonym of Aphanius sophiae 

Lebias crystallodon (Heckel , 1846)

Lebias punctata (Heckel 1846)

Cyprinodon pluristriatus (Jenkins, 1910)

 

Aphanius splendens (Kosswig & Sözer, 1945)

Nouveaux Cyprinodontidés de l'Anatolie centrale. Rev. Fac. Sci. Univ. Istambul, ser. B, 10: 77, fig. 2.

Type locality: lake Gölcük, near Isparta, central Anatolia, Turkey.

 

Aphanius stiassnyae (Getahun & Lazara, 2001)

Lebias stiassnyae: a new Species of Killifish from Lake Afdera, Ethiopia. Copeia, 1: 150, fig. 1.

Type locality: lake Afdera, hot spring in southwestern part, Ethiopia (80 m below sea level).

 

Aphanius sureyanus (Neu, 1937)

Cyprinodon sureyanus aus dem Burdur Gölü. Rev. Fac. Sci. Univ. Istambul, n.s. 2 (2): 109.

Type locality: lake Burdur, southwestern Turkey.

Synonym of Aphanius sureyanus

Aphanius burdurensis (Aksiray, 1948)

Aphanius burduricus (Aksiray, 1948)

 

Aphanius transgrediens (Ermin, 1946)

Schuppenreduktion bei Zahnkarpfen (Cyprinodontidae).

Rev. Fac. Sci. Univ. Istambul, ser. B, 10 (4): 244, figs. 38-45.

Type locality: source of the Acipunar, Turkey.

 

Aphanius villwocki (Hrbek & Wildekamp, 2003)

Aphanius villwocki, a new species from the Sakarya River basin of central Anatolian plain, Turkey (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes). Ichthyol. ExpIor. Freshwaters, 14 (2): 138, figs. 1-2.

Type locality: Pinarbasi, about 10.5 km east Emirdag, central Turkey

Aphanius vladykovi (Coad, 1988)

Aphanius vladykovi, a new Species of Tooth-Carp from the Zagros Mountains of Iran (Cyprinodontidae). Environmental Biol. Fishes, 23 (1-2): 115, fig. 1.

Type locality: Shahrestan-e Bakhtiari va Chahar Mahall, 3 km west of Boldaji, Iran, ca. 2380 m altitude.

 

Aphanius vladykovi "Boldaji"