Pterolebias (Costa 2005)
The neotropical annual killifish genus Pterolebias Garman (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae): phylogenetic relationships, descriptive morphology, and taxonomic revision. (Costa 2005)
Type species: Pterolebias longipinnis (Garman, 1895)
Phylogeny and evolutionary radiation in seasonal rachovine killifishes: biogeographical
and taxonomical implications (Costa 2014)
Abstract A phylogenetic analysis combining available mitochondrial DNA sequences (total of 3,339 bp) and 161 morphological characters for 22 species of rachovine genera (Aphyolebias, Austrofundulus, Gnatholebias, Llanolebias, Micromoema, Moema, Neofundulus, Pterolebias, Rachovia, Renova, Terranatos, and Trigonectes), and 16 outgroups, supports monophyly of the group containing genera endemic to the Orinoco river basin and adjacent coastal drainages. Results of the present analysis are compared to previous studies. The tree topology indicates that the genera Moema and Rachovia as presently delimited are paraphyletic; consequently, Aphyolebias and Austrofundulus are respectively placed in the synonymy of Moema and Rachovia. This study also indicates that rachovines were in the past geographically restricted to the Amazonas-Paraguay area where diversification in niche exploitation was constrained by competition with sympatric members of older seasonal fish lineages. Rachovines later reached the Orinoco basin and adjacent coastal drainages by dispersal through the Paleo-Amazonas river basin, when major evolutionary radiation taken place.
Pterolebias longipinnis Garman, 1895
The cyprinodonts. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 19 (pt 1): 1-179, Pls. 1-12.
Distribution: Amazon River basin: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil and Paraguay.
Pterolebias longipinnis "Bol 2013/02"
Pterolebias longipinnis "Cuiabá BIFBR 2011/03"
Gnatholebias hoignei Thomerson, 1974
Pterolebias hoignei, a new annual Cyprinodontid Fish from Venezuela, with a Redescription of Pterolebias zonatus. Copeia: 31, figs. 1-2.
Type locality: about 1 km north of Caño Benito, Estado Cojedes, Venezuela.
Gnatholebias phasianus W. J. E. M. Costa, 1988
Costa, W.J.E.M., 1988. A new Species of the neotropical annual Fish Genus Pterolebias (Cyprinodontiformes, Rivulidae), from Brasil. J. Zool. Soc. London, 215: 658, fig. 1.
Distribution: Middle Paraguay River basin: Bolivia and Brazil.