Hypsolebias (Costa 2006)

 

Type-species: Cynolebias flavicaudatus (Costa & Brasil 1990)

 

Type locality: surroundings of Lagoa Grande, county of Santa Maria da Boa Vista (altitude: 300 m), Pernambuco state, (northeastern) Brasil.

 

Type locality:  Rio Paracatu drainage of the Rio São Francisco basin, Brazil.

Descriptive morphology and phylogenetic relationships among species of the Neotropical annual killifish genera Nematolebias and Simpsonichthys (Cyprinodontiformes: Aplocheiloidei: Rivulidae)

 

 

Neotropical Ichthyology, 4(1):1-26, 2006 

 

Structures of the external morphology and skeleton of the annual fish genera Nematolebias and Simpsonichthys are described and illustrated. Phylogenetic relationships among all included species of both genera and other cynolebiatins are estimated, based on 116 morphological characters in a total of 50 terminal taxa. Nematolebias is hypothesized to be the sister group of a clade including Simpsonichthys, Austrolebias, Megalebias, and Cynolebias, which is diagnosed by ventral portion of mesopterygoid not overlapping quadrate, third neural spine approximately as wide as fourth neural spine, ventral condyle of coracoid narrow, scales slightly extending over anal-fin base, loss of vomerine teeth, loss of neuromast anterior to infraorbital series, ventral process of the angulo-articular short and narrow, and dorsal portion of cleithrum elongated. Simpsonichthys is divided into five subgenera, including Spectrolebias, previously considered a separate genus, Simpsonichthys, and three new subgenera, Xenurolebias, Ophthalmolebias, and Hypsolebias. Monophyly of Simpsonichthys is supported by a small pointed dorsal process on the palatine, unbranched fin rays on the tip of the dorsal and anal fins in males, and frontal E-scales overlapped.

 

Hypsolebias - Arten 

 

Hypsolebias adornatus (Costa, 2000)

(Descrições de quatro novas espécies de peixes anuais do gênero Simponichthys (Cyprinodontifomes: Rivulidae) das bacias dos rios São Fransisco e Paraná, nordeste e centro do Brasil. Revista Aquarium 3(25):8-15

Distribution: South America: São Francisco River basin, Brazil.

 

Hypsolebias alternatus  (Costa & Brasil, 1994)

Trois nouveaux Poissons annuels du Genre Cynolebias (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae) du Bassin du Rio Sao Francisco, Brésil. Rev. fr. Aquariol. Herpétol., 21 (1-2): 7, fig. 4

 

Type locality: João Pinheiro (municipio, near Brasilândia, subseq.), near rio Paracatú (or Piracatu), rio São Francisco basin, 560 m altitude, Minas Gerais state, Brasil. 

Hypsolebias alternatus

 

 

Hypsolebias antenori  (Tulipano, 1973)

(Cynolebias antenori. Killie Notes, American Killifish Association, 6 (11), 23–24.)

Description of two new species of annual fishes of the Hypsolebiasantenori species group (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae), from Northeast Brazil

RICARDO BRITZKE, DALTON T. B. NIELSEN, CLAUDIO OLIVEIRA

Abstract:

The Hypsolebias antenori species group comprises a monophyletic clade of annual fishes occurring in the semi-arid region of Northeastern Brazil. Most species of this group are found in the Rio São Francisco basin, but there are three species that inhabit small coastal basins. Hypsolebias faouri new species, is described from a temporary pool located near Rio Preto, a tributary of the Rio São Francisco, and Hypsolebias martinsi new species, is described from an annual pool near Rio Icaraizinho, a coastal drainage. Molecular data corroborates the monophyly of Hypsolebias and both new species.

Karyotype Patterns of Hypsolebias antenori (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae): An Endangered Killifish of the Semiarid Region of Brazil

  

Hypsolebias auratus  (Costa & Nielsen, 2000)

(Simpsonichthys auratus, a new annual Fish from the Rio Paracatu drainage, Sao Francisco basin, Brazil (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae). Ichthyol. ExpIor. Freshwaters, 11 (1): 8, fig. 1.)

Type locality: near rio Taboca, tributary of rio Paracatu, Lagoa Grande, Minas Gerais state, Brasil.

Hypsolebias brunoi  (Costa, 2003)

The Simpsonichthys flavicaudatus species group (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae: Cynolebiatinae): phylogenetic Relationships, taxonomic Revision and Biogeography. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwaters, 14 (1) March: 55, fig. 13.

Type locality: near Vila Boa, ribeirao Canabrava floodplains, Goias state, central eastern Brasil. 

 

Hypsolebias caeruleus (Costa 2013)

(Hypsolebias caeruleus, a new seasonal killifish of the Hypsolebias adornatus complex from the Caatinga of north-eastern Brazil, São Francisco River basin. Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae)

Zusammenfassung:

Hypsolebias trifasciatus n. sp. wird von einem zeitbegrenzten Tümpel am linken U fer des Rio P reto beschrieben, der als Nebenfluss zum Einzugsgebiet des Rio São Francisco gehört. Es handelt sich um die erste Art des H.-adornatus-Komplexes, die in einem Nebenfluss nachgewiesen wurde, und nicht im Hauptstrom des Rio São F rancisco. Diese neue Art unterscheidet sich v on den übrigen Hypsolebias-Arten – mit Ausnahme derjenigen, die zum H.-adornatus-Komplex gehören – durch eine hohe Zahl von Rückenflossenstrahlen (27-28) und folglich eine große Länge der Rückenflossenbasis, die deutlich vor der Körpermitte beginnt, noch vor einer Senkrechten über der B auchflosse. Von den anderen Arten des H.-adornatus-Komplexes unterscheidet sich die neue Art durch das F arbmuster der After flosse, auf der sich in Längsrichtung drei gelbe und drei schwarze Streifen abwechseln (im Vergleich dazu gibt es bei H. lopesi 2 unauffällige gelbe Streifen und 2-3 graue S treifen, während bei den anderen Arten des H.-adornatus-Komplexes Streifen sogar ganz fehlen). Weiterhin zeigen die Männchen der neuen Ar t ein unverkennbares Muster auf der Rückenflosse: zwei Gruppen mit 3-4 unregelmäßig geformten großen gelben Flecken (bei den übrigen Hypsolebias-Arten der H.-adornatus-Gruppe fehlt ein solches Muster ganz).

 

Hypsolebias carlettoi  (Costa & Nielsen, 2004)

(Simpsonichthys carlettoi (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae) a new annual Fish from the Rio Sao Francisco basin, north-eastern Brazil. Aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology, 8 (3): 126, figs. 1-3.)

Type locality: near Guanambi, off the road to Malhada, Bahia state, northeastern Brasil, altitude about 500 m. 

 

Hypsolebias coamazonicus (COSTA,  AMORIM and  BRAGANCA 2013)

Species limits and phylogenetic relationships of red-finned cryptic species of the seasonal killifish genus Hypsolebias from the Brazilian semi-arid Caatinga (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae)

Abstract:

Members of the Hypsolebias antenori species group comprise a diverse clade of morphologically similar seasonal killifishes occurring in a vast region of the semi-arid savannah of northeastern Brazil. The present paper focuses on an assemblage of three allopatric cryptic species (H. antenorifrom isolated coastal river drainages, Hypsolebias igneus from the São Francisco River basin and Hypsolebias coamazonicus sp. nov. from the Parnaíba River basin) sharing almost identical colour patterns, including the presence of an orangish red anal fin in males, thus herein named as the red-finned assemblage. A tree-based approach using mt-DNA (cytochrome b) supports delimitation of all three species, but indicates that the red-finned assemblage is paraphyletic – H. igneus and H. coamazonicus are closely related to Hypsolebias nudiorbitatus, whereas H. antenoriis the sister group to a clade comprising all 13 species of the H. antenori group included in the analysis. Morphological characters are useful to diagnose species, but are not informative for most clades highly supported by molecular data. H. coamazonicus is distinguished from all other congeners by the possession of a dark grey or black stripe on the dorsal fin in males. The basal position of H. antenori is related to uplift episodes involving the Araripe-Borborema plateau during the Miocene, which isolated the coastal area inhabited by H. antenori from the remaining areas of the Caatinga. The sister group relationship between H. igneus and H. coamazonicus is attributed to a past connection between the São Francisco and Paranaíba River until the Tertiary.

 

Hypsolebias delucai (Costa, 2003)

The Simpsonichthys flavicaudatus species group (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae: Cynolebiatinae): phylogenetic Relationships, taxonomic Revision and Biogeography. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwaters, 14 (1) March: 49, fig. 9.

Type locality: near Urucuia, rio Urucuia floodplains, Minas Gerais state, Brasil.

 

Hypsolebias faouri (Britzke, Nielsen & Oliveira 2016)

A new species from the Hypsolebias antenori group, Hypsolebias faouri, has been described from a temporary pool located near Rio Preto, a tributary of the Rio São Francisco, Bahía State, Brazil.

Abstract:

The Hypsolebias antenori species group comprises a monophyletic clade of annual fishes occurring in the semi-arid region of Northeastern Brazil. Most species of this group are found in the Rio São Francisco basin, but there are three species that inhabit small coastal basins. Hypsolebias faouri new species, is described from a temporary pool located near Rio Preto, a tributary of the Rio São Francisco, and Hypsolebias martinsi new species, is described from an annual pool near Rio Icaraizinho, a coastal drainage. Molecular data corroborates the monophyly of Hypsolebias and both new species.


Hypsolebias fasciatus (Costa & Brasil, 2006)

Three new species of the seasonal killifish genus Simpsonichthys, subgenus Hypsolebias (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae) from the rio Paracatu drainage, rio São Francisco basin, Brazil. Zootaxa 1244:41-55.

Distribution: South America: Rio Paracatu drainage of the Rio São Francisco basin, Brazil. 

Hypsolebias fasciatus "Unai NP 2003/07"

 

 

 

Hypsolebias flagellatus   (Costa, 2003) 

The Simpsonichthys flavicaudatus species group (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae: Cynolebiatinae): phylogenetic relationships, taxonomic revision and biogeography. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 14(1):31-60. 

Distribution: South America: São Francisco River basin, Brazil.

 

Hypsolebias flammeus (Costa 1989)

Redescriçao do gênero Cynolebias (Cyprinodontiformes, Rivulidae), com a Descriçao de uma nova Especie da Bacia do Rio Tocantins. Comunicaçoes de Museu de Ciências, Pontifica Univ. Catolica do Rio Grande do Sul, 2 (9): 185, fig. 1.

Type locality: junction of rio Bezerra and rio Paraná, municipio de Arraias, 450 m altitude, Tocantins state, Brasil.

 

Hypsolebias flavicaudatus : (Costa & Brasil, 1990)

Description of two new annual Fishes of the Genus Cynolebias (Cyprinodontiformes, Rivulidae) from the Sao Francisco Basin, Brazil. Ichthyol. ExpIor. Freshwaters, 1 (1): 18, figs. 4-5.

Type locality: surroundings of Lagoa Grande, county of Santa Maria da Boa Vista (altitude: 300 m), Pernambuco state, (northeastern) Brasil.

 

Hypsolebias fulminantis :(Costa & Brasil, 1993)

Two new Species of Cynolebias (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae) from the Sao Francisco Basin, Brazil, with Notes on Phylogeny and Biogeography of annual Fishes. Ichthyol. ExpIor. Freshwaters, 4 (3): 194, figs. 1-2.

Type locality: near Guanambi, Estado da Bahia, Brasil.
 

Hypsolebias ghisolfii  (Costa, Cyrino & Nielsen, 1996)

Description d'une nouvelle Espèce de Poisson annuel du Genre Simpsonichthys (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae) du Bassin du Rio San Francisco, Brésil. Rev. fr. Aquariol. Herpétol., 23 (1-2), Juin: 18, figs. 1-3.

Type locality: Guanambi (rio das Ras basin), Bahia state, Brasil.

 

Hypsolebias gibberatus  (Costa & Brasil, 2006)

Three new species of the seasonal killifish genus Simpsonichthys, subgenus Hypsolebias (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae) from the rio Paracatu drainage, rio Sao Francisco basin, Brazil. Zootaxa, 1244: 50, fig; 6-7.

Distribution: South America: Rio Paracatu drainage of the Rio São Francisco basin, Brazil.

 

Hypsolebias gilbertobrasili  (Costa, 2012)

Species delimitation in annual killifishes from the Brazilian Caatinga, the Hypsolebias flavicaudatus complex (Cypriniformes: Rivulidae): implications for taxonomy and conservation. Systematics and Biodiversity 10(1):71-91.

Distribution: South America: Seasonal swamp, middle São Francisco River basin in Brazil.

 

Hypsolebias guanambi  (Costa & Amorim, 2011)

A new annual killifish species of the Hypsolebias flavicaudatus complex from the São Francisco River basin, Brazilian Caatinga (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae). Vertebr. Zool. 61(1):99-104.

  

Hypsolebias harmonicus  (Costa, 2010)

(Simpsonichthys harmonicus, a new seasonal killifish from the Sao Francisco River basin, northeastern Brazil (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae)

Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 21 (1): 73-78, 2 figs., 1 tab.

Abstract:

Simpsonichthys harmonicus, new species, is described from the left floodplains of the middle São Francisco River, northeastern Brazil. It is considered to be closely related to S. magnificus and S. picturatus, also endemic to the middle São Francisco River basin, by all possessing a combination of apomorphic states of morphological characters in males, including red pectoral fin, narrow black stripe on the distal margin of the unpaired fins and the ventral margin of the pectoral fin, dorsal and anal fin extremity approximately rounded, without filamentous rays. The new species is distinguished from S. magnificus and S. picturatus by the combination of pectoral fin reaching a vertical between bases of the fourth and fifth anal-fin rays in males; 21-22 caudal-fin rays; caudal fin length 31.2-33.2 % SL in males; pre-pelvic length 44.2-47.6 % SL in males; 5-7 transverse rows of dots on dorsal fin, 6-8 on anal fin, and 6-8 on caudal fin; blue stripes on the distal portion of the dorsal fin in males; and, 13-16 bars on the flank in females


Hypsolebias hellneri  (Berkenkamp, 1993)

Ein neuer Fächerfisch aus dem Bundesstaat Minas Gerais, Brasilien, Cynolebias hellneri sp. n. Das Aquarium (Bornheim), 27 (290): 8, figs.

Type locality: along the road Manga to Itacarambi, ca. 10.5 km before Itacarambi, Municipio Manga, Minas Gerais, Brasil. 

Hypsolebias hellneri "NHvdBB 20132/8"

 


 

Hypsolebias heloplites  (Huber, 1981)

Cynolebias heloplites n. sp. Supp. Killi Revue (Killi Club de France), 5 (October): 1, fig.

Type locality: lagoa PK 76 (km marker) from road Fortalaza-Russas, Ceara, Sertao, Brasil. 

 

Hypsolebias igneus  (Costa, 2000)

Descriçoes de quatro novas espécies de peixes annuais do gênero Simpsonichthys (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae) das Bacias dos Rios Sao Francisco e Parana, nordeste e centro do Brasil. Revista Aquarium, 3 (25):10, figs. 3-4.

Type locality: Igarité (22 km north of the village, subseq.), rio Sao Francisco basin, Bahia state, Brasil (altitude 433 m). 

 

Hypsolebias janaubensis  (Costa, 2006)

Costa, W.J.E.M. 2006. Three new species of serasonal Killifishes of the Simpsonichthys antenori species Group (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae) from the Rio Sao Francisco Basin, Brazil. Zootaxa, 1306: 27, figs. 1-2.

 

Hypsolebias longignatus (Costa 2008)

(Simpsonichthys longignatus, a new seasonal killifish of the S. flammeus group from the Pacoti River basin, northeastern Brazil. Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwaters, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 155-159, 2 figs., 1 tab., June 2008)

Abstract:

Simpsonichthys longignatus, new species, from the Pacoti River basin, an isolated coastal drainage of northeastern Brazil, is described. It is considered to be closely related to three species of the Tocantins River basin, S. multiradiatus, S. flammeus and S. brunoi, by all possessing bright blue anal fin in males and concave dorsal profile of head. It differs from those three species by having black spots on the anterior part of the dorsal fin and transverse series of small blue spots on the caudal fin in males. It is also distinguished by some features in combination, including numerous dorsal-fin rays in males, absence of long filaments on the dorsal and anal fins, and few neuromasts on supraorbital, infraorbital, preopercular and mandibular series. 

 

Hypsolebias lopesi (Nielsen, Shibatta, Suzart & Martín, 2010)

A new species of Simpsonichthys(Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae) from the rio São Francisco basin, northeastern Brazil. Zootaxa 2452:51-58.

 

Hypsolebias macaubensis  (Costa & Suzart, 2006)

Three new species of seasonal killifishes of the Simpsonichthys antenori species group (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae) from the rio São Francisco basin, Brazil. Zootaxa 1306: 25–39

Abstract:

Three new species of the Simpsonichthys antenori group from the upper sections of eastern drainages of the middle rio São Francisco, serra do Espinhaço, are described. Simpsonichthys janaubensis, new species, from the rio Gorutuba floodplains, upper rio Verde Grande drainage, shares a derived color pattern of anal fin in males with S. flavicaudatus and S. flagellatus, but differs from them in having a more slender body, a shorter anal-fin base, and a distinctive color pattern of the dorsal fin in males. Simpsonichthys mediopapillatus, new species, from the rio São Domingos drainage, a part of the upper rio Verde Grande drainage, is similar to S. ghisolfii in having a long urogenital papilla and a light orangish-yellow subdistal stripe on the anal fin in males, and it is distinguished from all congeners in having a median neuromast on the posterior rostral series. Simpsonichthys macaubensis, new species, from the upper rio Paramirim drainage, differs from other species of the S. antenori group by a combination of features, including presence of contact organs on the flank in males, dorsal and anal-fin filaments reaching central portion of caudal fin in males, urogenital papilla short in males, and anal fin yellow, with a distal black stripe and iridescent dots over the entire fin in males. A key for identification of species of the S. antenori group is provided.

 

Hypsolebias magnificus (Costa & Brasil, 1991)

Three new Species of Cynolebias (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae) from the Sao Francisco Basin, Brazil. Ichthyol. ExpIor. Freshwaters, 2 (1): 59, figs. 5-6

Type locality: right bank plain of the rio São Francisco, ca. 1 km from the river channel, county of Manga, Minas Gerais, Brasil.

 

Hypsolebias martinsi (Britzke, Nielsen & Oliveira, 2016)

Description of two new species of annual fishes of the Hypsolebias antenori species group (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae), from Northeast Brazil.

Zootaxa. 2016 May 23;4114(2)

Abstract:

The Hypsolebias antenori species group comprises a monophyletic clade of annual fishes occurring in the semi-arid region of Northeastern Brazil. Most species of this group are found in the Rio São Francisco basin, but there are three species that inhabit small coastal basins. Hypsolebias faouri new species, is described from a temporary pool located near Rio Preto, a tributary of the Rio São Francisco, and Hypsolebias martinsi new species, is described from an annual pool near Rio Icaraizinho, a coastal drainage. Molecular data corroborates the monophyly of Hypsolebias and both new species.


Hypsolebias marginatus (Costa & Brasil, 1996)

Description d'une nouvelle Espèce de Poisson annuel du Genre Simpsonichthys (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae) du Bassin du Rio Tocantins, Brésil. Rev. fr. Aquariol. Herpétol., 23 (3-4): 94, figs. 1-2.

Type locality: near rio dos Patos, tributary of rio Maranhao, rio Tocantins basin, Barro Alto, Goiás state, Brasil.

Hypsolebias marginatus

 


 

Hypsolebias mediopapillatus   (Costa, 2006)

Three new species of seasonal Killifishes of the Simpsonichthys antenori species Group (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae) from the rio Sao Francisco Basin, Brazil. Zootaxa, 1306: 30, figs. 4-6.

 

Hypsolebias multiradiatus (Costa & Brasil, 1994)

Un nouveau Poisson annuel du Genre Cynolebias (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae) du Bassin du Rio Tocantins, Brésil. Rev. fr. Aquariol. Herpétol., 21 (1-2): 1, figs. 1-2.

Type locality: Brejinho de Nazare, Tocantins state, Brasil.

 

Hypsolebias nielseni (Costa, 2005)

Simpsonichthys nielseni sp. n. (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae): a new annual Killifish from the São Francisco River basin, Brazil. Zootaxa, 1039: 58, fig. 1 & 2.

Type locality: Pirapora, São Francisco River floodplains, Estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil, altitude 500 m.

Hypsolebias nitens (Costa,  Amorim and Mattos 2012)

Species delimitation in annual killifishes from the Brazilian Caatinga, the Hypsolebias flavicaudatus complex (Cypriniformes: Rivulidae): implications for taxonomy and conservation. Systematics and Biodiversity 10(1):71-91.

 

Hypsolebias notatus   (Costa, Lacerda & Brasil, 1990)

Description de deux nouvelles Espèces du Genre Cynolebias du Bassin du Rio Tocantins. Rev. fr. Aquariol. Herpétol., 17 (1): 10, figs. 1-2.

Type locality: municipio de Alvorada do Norte, Goiás state, Brasil.

Hypsolebias nudiorbitatus (Costa, 2011)

Hypsolebias nudiorbitatus, a new seasonal killifish from the Caatinga of northeastern Brazil, Itapicuru River basin (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae)

Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwaters, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 221-226, 5 figs., 1 tab., September 2011

Abstract:

Hypsolebias nudiorbitatus, new species, is described from the semi-arid Caatinga area of northeastern Brazil, upper Itapicuru River basin. It is a member of the H. antenori species group, differing from all other species of this group by having a rudimentary squamation on the supra-orbital region, a unique color pattern on the caudal fin in males consisting of white dots arranged in transverse rows, 14 scale rows around the caudal peduncle, the dorsal fin slightly more posteriorly placed in males and the basihyal bone narrow.

 

Hypsolebias ocellatus  (Costa, Nielsen & Luca, 2001)

Quatro novos Rivulideos annuais do gênero Simpsonichthys (Cyprinodontiformes) das Bacias dos Rios Sao Francisco e Pardo, Brasil. Revista Aquarium, 4 (26): 25, fig.

Type locality: Itaobim, near rio Jequitinhonha, road BR-367, Minas Gerais state, Brasil.

 

Hypsolebias picturatus (Costa, 2000)

Descriçoes de quatro novas espécies de peixes annuais do gênero Simpsonichthys (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae) das Bacias dos Rios Sao Francisco e Parana, nordeste e centro do Brasil. Revista Aquarium, 3 (25): 12, figs. 5-6.

Type locality: Volta das Pedras, rio Sao Francisco basin, Bahia state, Brasil. 

 

Hypsolebias pterophyllus  (Costa,  Amorim and Mattos 2012)

Species delimitation in annual killifishes from the Brazilian Caatinga, the Hypsolebias flavicaudatus complex (Cypriniformes: Rivulidae): implications for taxonomy and conservation. Systematics and Biodiversity 10(1):71-91.

  

Hypsolebias radiosus (Costa & Brasil, 2004)

Simpsonichthys radiosus sp. n. (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae): a new annual Killifish from the upper Rio Tocantins Basin, central Brazil. Zootaxa, 737: 2, figs. 1-2.

Type locality: Formosa, Rio Crixás floodplains, about 6 km from the confluence with Rio Paranã, Estado de Goiás, (central) Brasil, altitude 800 m. 

 

Hypsolebias radiseriatus (Costa,  Amorim and Mattos 2012)

Species delimitation in annual killifishes from the Brazilian Caatinga, the Hypsolebias flavicaudatus complex (Cypriniformes: Rivulidae): implications for taxonomy and conservation. Systematics and Biodiversity 10(1):71-91.

Distribution: South America: floodplains of Verde Grande River, São Francisco River basin in Brazil.

 

Hypsolebias rufus  (Costa, Nielsen & de Luca, 2001)

Quatro novos rivulideos anuais do gênero Simpsonichthys (Cyprinodontiformes) das bacias dos rios São Francisco e Pardo, Brasil. Rev. Fr. Aquariol. 4(26):24-31.

 

Hypsolebias sertanejo (Costa,  Amorim and Mattos 2012)

Species delimitation in annual killifishes from the Brazilian Caatinga, the Hypsolebias flavicaudatus complex (Cypriniformes: Rivulidae): implications for taxonomy and conservation. Systematics and Biodiversity 10(1):71-91.

 

Hypsolebias shibattai (Nielsen, Martins, de Araujo & dos Reis Suzart, 2014)

Hypsolebias shibattai, a new species of annual fish (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae) from the rio São Francisco basin, northeastern Brazil

Zusammenfassung:

Beschrieben wird Hypsolebias shibattai n. sp. von einem zeitlich begrenzten Tümpel im Becken des Rio São Francisco, im Bundesstaat Bahia, Brasilien. Hypsolebias shibattai gehört zu der H.-magnificus-Artengruppe. Die neue Art unterscheidet sich von allen anderen Hypsolebias-Arten durch die einzigartige Farbgebung der Männchen: ein Goldgelb auf Kopf, Kiemendeckelbereich und Rumpf bis hin zum Anfang der Rückenflosse (während bei den anderen Arten die goldgelbe Farbe im vorderen Bereich des Körpers fehlt). 

 

Hypsolebias similis (Costa & Hellner, 1999)

Simpsonichthys similis (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae), une nouvelle Espèce de Poisson annuel du Bassin du Rio Sao Francisco, Brésil. Rev. fr. Aquariol. Herpétol., 25 (1998), (3-4): 90, fig.

Type locality: near Urucuia, road to Sao Romano, Urucuia basin, Minas Gerais state, Brasil.


Hypsolebias stellatus (Costa & Brasil, 1994)

Trois nouveaux Poissons annuels du Genre Cynolebias (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae) du Bassin du Rio Sao Francisco, Brésil. Rev. fr. Aquariol. Herpétol., 21 (1-2): 5, fig. 1.

Type locality: 1 km north of São Francisco, Minas Gerais state, Brasil.

Hypsolebias stellatus

 

Hypsolebias tocantinensis  (NIELSEN, CRUZ & BAPTISTA, 2012)

A new species of annual fish, Hypsolebias tocantinensis sp.n. (Cyprinodontiformes:Rivulidae) from the rio Tocantins basin, northeastern Brazil

Zootaxa 3527: 63–71 (2012) 

Abstract:

Hypsolebias tocantinensis n. sp. is described from a temporary pool located in the rio Tocantins basin, Maranhão state Brazil. Hypsolebias tocantinensis belongs the H. flammeus species-group. It is the first occurrence of genus Hypsolebias in Maranhão state. This new species differs from all other species of that group, except Hypsolebias flammeus (Costa, 1989), Hypsolebias multiradiatus (Costa &Brasil, 1994) and Hypsolebias brunoi (Costa, 2003), by male color pattern and by the presence of a metallic blue sheen surrounding the black spots in the female. It differs from H. flammeus, H. multiradiatus and H. brunoi by the shape of the dorsal and anal fins (rounded vs. pointed) and by the orientation of the reddish brown bars in males (diagonal vs. vertical). Hypsolebias tocantinensis differs from all other Hypsolebias by the presence of, in females, irregular light brown stains on the anal fins and by the pattern of the metallic blue sheen around the black spots (completely surrounding the black spots while in congeners this blue sheen is either absent or present in vertical bars).

Hypsolebias tocantinensis "TT"


 

 Hypsolebias trifasciatus (Nielsen, Martins, Medeiros, Origuela & Faour 2014)

Hypsolebias trifasciatus, a new species of annual fish (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae) from the rio Preto, rio São Francisco basin, northeastern Brazil

aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology Received: 07 May 2014 – Accepted: 13 July 2014

Zusammenfassung:

Hypsolebias trifasciatus n. sp. wird von einem zeitbegrenzten Tümpel am linken U fer des Rio P reto beschrieben, der als Nebenfluss zum Einzugsgebiet des Rio São Francisco gehört. Es handelt sich um die erste Art des H.-adornatus-Komplexes, die in einem Nebenfluss nachgewiesen wurde, und nicht im Hauptstrom des Rio São F rancisco. Diese neue Art unterscheidet sich v on den übrigen Hypsolebias-Arten – mit Ausnahme derjenigen, die zum H.-adornatus-Komplex gehören – durch eine hohe Zahl von Rückenflossenstrahlen (27-28) und folglich eine große Länge der Rückenflossenbasis, die deutlich vor der Körpermitte beginnt, noch vor einer Senkrechten über der B auchflosse. Von den anderen Arten des H.-adornatus-Komplexes unterscheidet sich die neue Art durch das F arbmuster der After flosse, auf der sich in Längsrichtung drei gelbe und drei schwarze Streifen abwechseln (im Vergleich dazu gibt es bei H. lopesi 2 unauffällige gelbe Streifen und 2-3 graue S treifen, während bei den anderen Arten des H.-adornatus-Komplexes Streifen sogar ganz fehlen). Weiterhin zeigen die Männchen der neuen Ar t ein unverkennbares Muster auf der Rückenflosse: zwei Gruppen mit 3-4 unregelmäßig geformten großen gelben Flecken (bei den übrigen Hypsolebias-Arten der H.-adornatus-Gruppe fehlt ein solches Muster ganz). 

 

Hypsolebias trilineatus :(Costa & Brasil, 1994)

Trois nouveaux Poissons annuels du Genre Cynolebias (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae) du Bassin du Rio Sao Francisco, Brésil. Rev. fr. Aquariol. Herpétol., 21 (1-2): 8, fig. 5.

Type locality: João Pinheiro, near rio Paracatú, rio São Francisco basin, Minas Gerais State, Brasil.

 

Hypsolebias virgulatus  (COSTA & BRASIL, 2006)

Three new species of the seasonal killifish genus Simpsonichthys, subgenus Hypsolebias (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae) from the rio Paracatu drainage, rio Sao Francisco basin, Brazil. Zootaxa, 1244: 43, fig. 1-2.

Distribution: South America: Rio Paracatu drainage of the Rio São Francisco basin, Brazil.

 
 

 

A new genus of miniature cynolebiasine from the Atlantic Forest and alternative biogeographical explanations for seasonal killifish distribution patterns in

South America (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae)  (Costa 2014)

 

Vertebrate zoology 64 (1): 23–33 / 16.05.2014

 

Abstract The analysis of 78 morphological characters for 16 species representing all the lineages of the tribe Cynopoecilini and three out-groups, indicates that the incertae sedis miniature species ‘Leptolebias’ leitaoi Cruz & Peixoto is the sister group of a clade comprising the genera Leptolebias, Campellolebias, and Cynopoecilus, consequently recognised as the only member of a new genus. Mucurilebias gen. nov. is diagnosed by seven autapomorphies: eye occupying great part of head side, low number of caudal-fin rays (21), distal portion of epural much broader than distal portion of parhypural, an oblique red bar through opercle in both sexes, isthmus bright red in males, a white stripe on the distal margin of the dorsal fin in males, and a red stripe on the distal margin of the anal fin in males. Mucurilebias leitaoi is an endangered seasonal species endemic to the Mucuri river basin. The biogeographical analysis of genera of the subfamily Cynolebiasinae using a dispersal-vicariance, event-based parsimony approach indicates that distribution of South American killifishes may be broadly shaped by dispersal events. The analysis supports south-eastern Brazilian coastal plains as the centre of dispersal for cynolebiasine killifishes. Alternative biogeographical explanations are compared and possible dispersal routes and means of dispersal are discussed.